Book of Fruits, Being a Descriptive Catalogue of the Most Valuable Varieties of the Pear, Apple, Peach, Plum & Cherry, for New England Culture

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Ives & Jewett, 1838 - Berries - 120 pages
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Page 30 - Plums, and Peaches upon Peaches or Almonds, the scion is, in regard to fertility, exactly in the same state as if it had not been grafted at all. While, on the other hand, a great increase of fertility is the result of grafting Pears upon Quinces, Peaches upon Plums, Apples upon Whitethorn, and the like. In these latter cases, the food absorbed from the earth by the root of the stock is communicated slowly...
Page 116 - The power of procuring intermediate varieties by the intermixture of the pollen and stigma of two different parents is, however, that which most deserves consideration. We all know that hybrid plants are constantly produced in every garden, and that improvements of the most remarkable kind are yearly occurring in consequence.
Page 15 - The great object in the application of manure should be to make it afford as much soluble matter as possible to the roots of the plant : and that in a slow and gradual manner, so that it may be entirely consumed in forming its sap and organised parts.
Page 118 - It seems that cross fertilization will not take place at all, or very rarely, between different species, unless these species are nearly related to each other : and that the offspring of the two distinct species is itself sterile, or if it possesses the power of multiplying itself by seed, its progeny returns back to the state of one or other of its parents.
Page 117 - When a grain of pollen comes in contact with the stigma, it bursts and discharges its contents among the lax tissue upon which it has fallen. The moving particles descend through the tissue of the style, until one, or sometimes more of them, finds its way, by routes specially destined by Nature for this service, into a little opening in the integuments of the ovulum, or young seed. Once deposited there, the particle swells, increases gradually in size, separates into radicle and cotyledons, and finally...
Page 117 - ... apparently spontaneous motion. The stigma is composed of very lax tissue, the intercellular passages of which have a greater diameter than the moving particles of the pollen. " When a grain of pollen comes in contact with the stigma, it bursts, and discharges its contents among the lax tissue upon which it has fallen.
Page 26 - Stocks for budding may, in general, be much smaller than for grafting, as the operation may be performed on the same year's shoot. But it may also be performed on shoots or stems of several years' growth, and in such, by inserting a number of buds, a complete tree may be formed at once.
Page 42 - I have observed, in other persons' grounds, where less space is allotted for this purpose, that great damage is done to the plants and fruit, by the trampling of the people. After the beds are planted, I always keep them as clear of weeds as possible, and on no account allow any crop to be planted between the rows. Upon the growing of the runners, I have them cut when necessary : this is usually three times in each season. In the autumn, I always have the rows dug between ; for I find...
Page 27 - ... then, directly with the thumb and finger, or point of the knife, slip off the woody part remaining to the bud ; which done, observe whether the eye or gem of the bud remains perfect ; if not and a little hole appears in that part, it is improper, or, aa gardeners express it, the bud has lost its root, and another must be prepared.
Page 24 - GRAFTING. Grafting is the taking a shoot from one tree and inserting it into another in such a manner that both may unite closely and become one tree. These shoots are called scions or grafts, and in the choice of them...

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