Giants of Computing: A Compendium of Select, Pivotal Pioneers

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Springer Science & Business Media, Aug 19, 2013 - Computers - 306 pages
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It has been upon the shoulders of giants that the modern world has been forged.

This accessible compendium presents an insight into the great minds responsible for the technology which has transformed our lives. Each pioneer is introduced with a brief biography, followed by a concise account of their key contributions to their discipline. The selection covers a broad spread of historical and contemporary figures from theoreticians to entrepreneurs, highlighting the richness of the field of computing.

Topics and features: describes the lives and machines built by Hermann Hollerith, Vannevar Bush, Howard Aiken, John Atanasoff, Tommy Flowers, John Mauchly, and Konrad Zuse; examines the contributions made by Claude Shannon, John Von Neumann, Alan Turing, and Sir Frederick Williams; reviews such pioneers of commercial computing as John Backus, Fred Brooks, Gordon Moore, William Shockley, Vint Cerf, Don Estridge, Gary Kildall, and Tim Berners-Lee; surveys pivotal software engineers, including Robert Floyd, C.A.R Hoare, Dines Bjorner, Edger Dijkstra, Tom DeMarco, Michael Fagan, Watt Humphries, Ivor Jacobson, David Parnas, and Ed Yourdan; discusses important characters in theoretical computing, such as James Gosling, Grace Murray Hopper, Kenneth Iverson, Donald Knuth, Dennis Ritchie, Ken Thompson, Dana Scott, Christopher Strachey, Bjarne Stroustrup, and Niklaus Wirth; includes significant contributors to the field of artificial intelligence, including John McCarthy, Marvin Minsky, John Searle, and Joseph Weizenbaum; presents a selection of computer entrepreneurs, including Larry Ellison, Bill Gates, Steve Jobs, Ken Olsen, and Thomas Watson Sr. and Jr.

Suitable for the general reader, this concise and easy-to-read reference will be of interest to anyone curious about the inspiring men and women who have shaped the field of computer science.
 

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Contents

1 Background
1
2 Howard Aiken
8
3 Gene Amdahl
13
4 Archimedes
17
5 John Atanasoff
20
6 Charles Babbage
25
7 John Backus
31
8 Gordon Bell
35
35 Gary Kildall
165
36 Donald Knuth
169
37 Gottfried Wilhelm Leibniz
173
38 Ada Lovelace
179
39 John McCarthy
183
40 John Mauchly
187
41 Marvin Minsky
193
42 Gordon Moore
197

9 Tim BernersLee
39
10 Dines Bj°rner
43
11 George Boole
47
12 Fred Brooks
53
13 Vannevar Bush
59
14 Vint Cerf
63
15 Alonzo Church
67
16 Noam Chomsky
71
17 Edgar Codd
75
18 RenÚ Descartes
81
19 Tom DeMarco
87
20 Edsger Dijkstra
91
21 George Devol
98
22 Larry Ellison
103
23 Don Estridge
106
24 Michael Fagan
111
25 Tommy Flowers
115
26 Robert Floyd
119
27 Bill Gates
123
28 James Gosling
129
29 CAR Hoare
133
30 Herman Hollerith
139
31 Watts Humphrey
143
32 Kenneth Iverson
149
33 Ivar Jacobson
153
34 Steve Jobs
159
43 Grace Murray Hopper
201
44 John von Neumann
205
45 Ken Olsen
209
46 David Parnas
213
47 Dennis Ritchie
219
48 Dana Scott
223
49 John Searle
229
50 Claude Shannon
233
51 William Shockley
239
52 Richard Stallman
243
53 Bjarne Stroustrup
247
54 Alan Turing
251
55 Thomas Watson Sr and Jr
259
56 Joseph Weizenbaum
263
57 Frederick Williams
267
58 Niklaus Wirth
273
59 Ed Yourdon
277
60 Konrad Zuse
281
61 Epilogue
285
Test Yourself Quiz 1
289
Test Yourself Quiz 2
291
Test Yourself Quiz 3
293
Glossary
295
References
299
Index
303
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About the author (2013)

Dr. Gerard O'Regan is a CMMI software process improvement consultant with research interests including software quality and software process improvement; mathematical approaches to software quality; and the history of computing. He is the author of the Springer titles "Mathematics in Computing", "A Brief History of Computing", "Introduction to Software Process Improvement", "Mathematical Approaches to Software Quality" and "A Practical Approach to Software Quality".

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