Handbook of Language and Ethnic Identity: The Success-Failure Continuum in Language and Ethnic Identity Efforts, Volume 2
Joshua Fishman, Ofelia Garcia
Oxford University Press, Apr 21, 2011 - Language Arts & Disciplines - 512 pages
Like the first volume, The Handbook of Language and Ethnic Identity, Volume 2 is a reference work on the interconnection between language and ethnic identity. In this volume, 37 new essays provide a systematic look at different language and ethnic identity efforts, assess their relative successes and failures, and place the cases on a success-failure continuum. The reasons for these failures and successes and the linguistic, social, and political contexts involved are subtle and highly complex. Some of these factors have to do with whether the language is considered a dialect, as in the cases of Bavarian, Ebonics, and Scots (considered to be dialects of German, American English, and British English, respectively). Other factors have to do with government policy, as in the cases of Basque and Navajo. Still other factors are historical, such as the way Canaanite was supplanted in present-day Israel by another classical language-Hebrew. Although the volume offers considerable sophistication in the treatment of language, ethnicity and identity, it has been written for the non-specialized reader, whether student or layperson. The contributors are an international group of well-known scholars in a range of fields. Fishman and García provide a detailed introduction that addresses the difficulty of assessing the success or failure of a language. They also present a conclusion that integrates the data presented in the volume.
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African American Afrikaans Amazigh Amazigh language areas Asamiya Assam Assamese Basque Basque Autonomous Community Bavarian Belarusian Bengali bilingual Bokmål Breton Catalan century characters Chinese communication Croatian cultural dialect domains Dravidian efforts elite English Ennaji ethnic identity European Euskara Finnish Fishman French Galicia Gallo German guage hanzi Hebrew ideology Illyrian Illyrian movement India indigenous Israeli Korean L&I Efs language planning language policy learning linguistic literary literature Lithuanian Lowland Luxembourg Luxembourgish Malay Meänkieli Modern Standard Arabic Moroccan Arabic mother tongue movement Multilingual national language non-Brahmins Norwegian Nosu official orthography Pabrėža percent Persian political population promote Puerto Rico Quechua regional Rican Russian Ruthenian Samnorsk Sanskrit schools script simplified Singapore Slavic social sociolinguistic Soviet Spanish speak speakers spelling reform spoken status success Swedish Tamil teachers teaching tion Tornedalians traditional Tunisia Turkic languages Ukrainian University Valéncia Valencian variety vernacular writing written Yiddish