Knowing and the Mystique of Logic and Rules: including True Statements in Knowing and Action * Computer Modelling of Human Knowing Activity * Coherent Description as the Core of Scholarship and Science

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Springer Science & Business Media, Aug 31, 1995 - Philosophy - 368 pages
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Human knowing is examined as it emerges from classical empirical psychology, with its ramifications into language, computing, science, and scholarship. While the discussion takes empirical support from a wide range, claims for the significance of logic and rules are challenged throughout. Highlights of the discussion:
  • knowing is a matter of habits or dispositions that guide the person's stream of consciousness;
  • rules of language have no significance in language production and understanding, being descriptions of linguistic styles;
  • statements that may be true or false enter into ordinary linguistic activity, not as elements of messages, but merely as summaries of situations, with a view to action;
  • in computer programming the significance of logic, proof, and formalized description, is incidental and subject to the programmer's personality;
  • analysis of computer modelling of the mental activity shows that in describing human knowing the computer is irrelevant;
  • in accounting for the scholarly/scientific activity, logic and rules are impotent;
  • a novel theory: scholarship and science have coherent descriptions as their core.
The discussion addresses questions that are basic to advanced applications of computers and to students of language and science.
 

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Contents

1 THE PSYCHOLOGY OF KNOWING
3
11 WILLIAM JAMESS PSYCHOLOGY OF KNOWING
5
12 BERTRAND RUSSELL ON KNOWING
51
13 JL AUSTIN ON HOW ONE KNOWS
71
15 SUMMARY ON THE PSYCHOLOGY OF KNOWING
87
2 LANGUAGE OR KNOWING AND HUMAN EXPRESSION
93
21 RULES AND REGULARITY IN LANGUAGE
95
22 RULES AND REGULARITY IN MUSICAL COMPOSITION
111
33 PERSONAL STYLE IN PROGRAM DESCRIPTION AND UNDERSTANDING
189
34 COMPUTER MODELLING OF HUMAN KNOWING ACTIVITY
213
4 SCHOLARSHIP AND SCIENCE
229
KNOWING IN BIOLOGICAL DISCOVERY
231
COHERENCE AND MODELS IN SCIENTIFIC DESCRIPTION
253
A CASE OF CHRONIC SCIENTIFIC CONFUSION
261
44 THE METAPHYSICS OF CONSTRUCTED MODELS
271
45 LOGIC AND PSYCHOLOGY OF THE SCIENTIFIC ACTIVITY
293

23 LANGUAGE PRODUCTION AND UNDERSTANDING
121
24 TRUE STATEMENTS IN KNOWING AND ACTION
137
3 COMPUTING VERSUS HUMAN KNOWING
163
31 THREE NOTIONS OF PROOF
165
32 PROOF VERSUS FORMALIZATION
171
46 COHERENT DESCRIPTION AS THE CORE OF SCHOLARSHIP AND SCIENCE
317
REFERENCES
351
INDEX
357
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