The Human Being as a Logical Thinker

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Rodopi, Jan 1, 1993 - Philosophy - 148 pages
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The aim of this book is to explain human rationality. The fundamental principles of human thought are stated in terms of Balzer's Principles, and their operations in everyday life are illustrated. The natural numbers are defined and explained in a fresh fashion. Paradoxes, including those of class theory and material implication, which have signaled that all is not well in our logical systems, are laid to rest here. The explanation of human rationality has more than logical interest, for it touches upon the human values embedded in our rationality. The book carries the message that all human beings are fundamentally equal.
 

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Contents

Editorial Foreword Robert Ginsberg Foreword James B Wilbur
3
Authors Preface
5
The Origin of This Work
7
ONE The Fundamental Principles of Human Thought Section 1 Classification
27
Classes
31
Truth and Falsity
35
Quantifiers
43
SubClasses
45
The Paradoxes of Implication
75
THREE Arithmetic Section 12 The Natural Numbers
79
The Logic of Arithmetic
89
FOUR Formal Logic Section 14 The Development of Logic in Western Culture
101
Section IS Class Symbols and Existence
115
Sense Reference and Existence
121
Some Further Observations
125
FIVE The Other Animals Section 18 Cleverness in Animals
129

The External World
49
The Self
53
Identity
57
The Human Being as a Logical Thinker
61
TWO Paradoxes Section 10 The Paradoxes of Classes
65
Conclusion
137
End Notes
141
Bibliography
145
Index
147
Copyright

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