The temple architecture of India
Indian temples represent one of the great architectural traditions of the world. Built for Hindu, Buddhist and Jain worship, they are without parallel in the way that they combine direct sensuous appeal with a highly complex formal structure. This volume explains the principles and processes underlying the designs of these monuments, providing essential historical background and placing the architecture in its cultural and religious context. It traces the origins and formation of the two classical architectural 'languages' of India - the northern Nagara and southern Dravida - and their extraordinarily varied development during the great age of temple construction between the 6th and 13th centuries. The book surveys the continuing vitality of these systems up to the present, and explores the lessons that can be learned from them by architects and artists today.
By giving a coherent explanation of how to look at this architecture, as a whole and in detail, the book is able to convey a lucid and comprehensive understanding of the design concepts followed by the temple architects, and of the development of temple forms. The starting point of the analysis is the realisation that the principal elements of temple designs are themselves images of temples. Once this is recognised, the complex architectural compositions become clear. It can then be seen that a perennial concern of this architecture is the expression of movement. Recurrent perceptions of the cosmos and the divine in Indian religion and philosophy are shown to have close parallels in patterns of emanation and centrifugal growth embodied in architectural form. The book is lavishly illustrated with colour photographs and analytical drawings, which are integral to the ideas and arguments put forward in the text.
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8th century aedicules Aihole alpa vimana amalaka ambulatory Badami barrel-roofed bhadra Bhumija temples bhumis Bhuvaneshvara Buddhist Cave ceiling central lndia centre chaitya chaitya hall Chalukya Chapter Chola complex composition corner crowning Dakshina Koshala Deccan deities Delhi developed Dravida temples Dravida tradition early eave mouldings elements Ellora emerged gable gavaksha geometry Gerard Foekema grid Gujarat Gupta Hindu temples images Jain Kamataka Kanchipuram kapota Karnata Dravida Karnataka Khajuraho kind Koshala kuta kuta aedicule kuta-stambhas later lndian temple architecture Mahadeva Maharashtra mandapa medieval miniature mode monuments Nagara Nagara temple niches Pallava panjara aedicule Pattadakal patterns pavilions Phamsana Photo pilasters pillars proliferation Rajasthan ratha recesses region ritual rock-cut roof sanctum sandhara sequence shala aedicule Shekhari temples shikhara Shiva shrine form square staggered stambha storey structure stupa style superstructure tala Tamil Nadu Tantra tier tower two-storey urah-shringas Valabhi Valabhi aedicules Valabhi shrine Vesara wall western lndia