The Ottoman Gulf: The Creation of Kuwait, Saudi Arabia, and Qatar

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Columbia University Press, 1997 - History - 270 pages
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What caused the decline of the Ottoman empire in the Persian Gulf? Why has history credited only London, not Istanbul, with bringing about the birth of the modern Gulf States? Using the Ottoman imperial archives, as well as European and Arab sources, Anscombe explains how the combination of poor communication, scarce resources, and misplaced security concerns undermined Istanbul's control and ultimately drove the Gulf shaikhs to seek independence with ties to the British.

 

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Contents

Introduction
1
The Setting
9
Resurrection of the Ottoman Role in the Gulf
16
Midhat Pashas Inspection of Hasa and His Plan
34
The Chance for Adjustment and Stability 18721893
54
The Case of Kuwait
91
Kuwait 18991913
113
Arabia 18961914
143
CONCLUSION
167
Ottoman Officials and Heads
175
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About the author (1997)

FREDERICK F. ANSCOMBE is assistant professor of history at American University in Bulgaria.

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