The Evolution of Electoral and Party Systems in the Nordic Countries
Arend Lijphart, Bernard Grofman
Algora Publishing, 2007 - Election law - 314 pages
"This is a book that all scholars of electoral systems or electoral history will need to read, and most will want to own. Much of the historical material reported is not available anywhere else in English, and much of it appears to be first-time reports of primary materials. Quite readable and very well-organized." -Cambridge Univ. Press referee
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abolished adjustment seats Agrarian Union Althingi apparentement Assembly average cent Center party changes in electoral cleavage coalition Communists compensatory seats Conservatives d’Hondt Danish DEN-VI Denmark disproportionality district magnitude effective number effective threshold elected members election period electoral alliances electoral formula electoral law electoral reforms electoral rules electoral system electoral threshold eligible Elklit enfranchised farmers Finland Folketing franchise Grofman Icelandic increase the number introduced introduction of PR Kristvik Labor party Landsting largest party Left Party Lijphart malapportionment modified Sainte-LaguŽ multi-member constituencies National Preservation Party Norway Norwegian number of constituencies number of MPs number of parties number of seats over-representation Parliament party list party system Party Votes party’s periphery plurality population proportional representation proportionality proposal regional represented ReykjavŪk Riksdag Rokkan rural Sainte-LaguŽ formula seats Seats Second Chamber single-member constituencies Social Democrats Social Liberals Socialist Left Party Storting suffrage supplementary seats Table two-member constituencies Upper House urban voters voting age
Page x - Professor of Political Science at the University of California. San Diego. His field of specialization is comparative politics.
Page 37 - ... through a convergence of pressures from below and from above. The rising working class wanted to lower the thresholds of representation in order to gain access to the legislatures, and the most threatened of the old-established parties demanded PR to protect their position against the new waves of mobilized voters created by universal suffrage.
Page x - His past research dealt with mathematical models of group decision making and legislative representation and focused on electoral rules and redistricting. He has also been involved in modeling individual and group information processing and decision heuristics, and he has written on the intersection of law and social science, especially the role of expert witness testimony and the uses of statistical evidence. Currently he is working on comparative politics and political economy, with an emphasis...
Page x - Irvine since 1980. He has been a fellow at the Center for Advanced Study in the Behavioral Sciences, Stanford, visiting professor at the University of Michigan and at the University of Washington, and guest scholar at the Brookings Institution...
Page 5 - ... defined as sets of essentially unchanged election rules under which one or more successive elections are conducted
Page ix - Larsson. 1. Papers from the Second Irvine Conference on Political Economy, Information Pooling and Group Decision-Making (B. Grofman and G. Owen, eds.), were published by JAI Press in 1986. Papers from the Third Irvine Conference on Political Economy, The 'Federalist Papers...