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86th Congress abolitionists administration adopted agitation amendment annual message anti-slavery attack attempt authority bill character Charleston citizens civil command commissioners committee Confederacy Congress Constitution Convention cotton Covode Covode Committee Crittenden Crittenden Compromise danger December decision declared delegates Democratic party despatch Douglas duty election execution existing favor Federal Government force forts Fugitive Slave Law garrison Governor Pickens gress harbor Holt hostile January Kansas Lecompton Constitution legislative letter Major Anderson ment Messrs Mexico military minority report Missouri Compromise Monroe Monroe doctrine Moultrie National National Intelligencer never North opinion Paraguay passed peace portion present President Buchanan President Lincoln proceedings proposed proposition provisions purpose question reenforce refused rendered Republic Republican resistance resolution says Scott seceded secession Senate session slaveholding slavery South Carolina Southern Sumter Supreme Court Territorial Legislature tion treaty troops Union United violation Virginia vote Washington whilst Wilmot Proviso York
Page 278 - Our first and fundamental maxim should be, never to entangle ourselves in the broils of Europe. Our second, never to suffer \ Europe to intermeddle with cis-Atlantic affairs. America, North and South, has a set of interests distinct from those of Europe, and peculiarly her own. She should therefore have a system of her own, separate and apart from that of Europe.
Page 278 - The question presented by the letters you have sent me, is the most momentous which has ever been offered to my contemplation since that of independence. That made us a nation, this sets our compass and points the course which we are to steer through the ocean of time opening on us.
Page 279 - Great Britain is the nation which can do us the most harm of any one, or all on earth ; and with her on our side we need not fear the whole world. With her then, we should most sedulously cherish a cordial friendship; and nothing would tend more to knit our affections than to be fighting once more, side by side, in the same cause.
Page 122 - Every state shall abide by the determinations of the United States in Congress assembled, on all questions which by this Confederation are submitted to them. And the Articles of this Confederation shall be inviolably observed by every state ; and the Union shall be perpetual.
Page 280 - In the discussions to which this interest has given rise, and in the arrangements by which they may terminate, the occasion has been judged proper for asserting as a principle in which the rights, and interests of the United States are involved, that the American continents, by the free and independent condition which they have assumed and maintain, are henceforth not to be considered as subjects for future colonization by any European powers.
Page 253 - All the powers of government, legislative, executive and judiciary, result to the legislative body. The concentrating these in the same hands is precisely the definition of despotic government. It will be no alleviation that these powers will be exercised by a plurality of hands, and not by a single one. One hundred and seventy-three despots would surely be as oppressive as one.
Page 253 - ... in a representative republic, where the executive magistracy is carefully limited, both in the extent and the duration of its power, and where the legislative power is exercised by an assembly which is inspired (by a supposed influence over the people) with an intrepid confidence in its own strength; which is sufficiently numerous to feel all the passions which actuate a multitude, yet not so numerous as to be incapable of pursuing the objects of its passions, by means which reason prescribes;...
Page 18 - That, as an express and fundamental condition to the acquisition of any territory from the republic of Mexico by the United States, by virtue of any treaty that may be negotiated between them, and to the use by the Executive of the moneys herein appropriated, neither slavery nor involuntary servitude shall ever exist in any part of said territory, except for crime, whereof the party shall first be duly convicted.
Page 67 - Congress is provisional and temporary, and during its existence all citizens of the United States have an equal right to settle with their property in the territory, without their rights, either of person or property, being destroyed or impaired by congressional or territorial legislation.
Page 87 - I am compelled to declare it as my deliberate opinion that if this bill passes, the bonds of this Union are virtually dissolved; that the States which compose it are free from their moral obligations, and that as it will be the right of all, so it will be the duty of some, to prepare definitely for a separation, amicably if they can, violently if they must.