A History and Theory of Informed Consent
Ruth R. Faden, Philip Frankilin Wagley Professor of Biomedical Ethics and Director of the Bioethics Institute Ruth R Faden, Tom L. Beauchamp, Nancy M. P. King
Oxford University Press, 1986 - Medical - 392 pages
Clearly argued and written in nontechnical language, this book provides a definitive account of informed consent. It begins by presenting the analytic framework for reasoning about informed consent found in moral philosophy and law. The authors then review and interpret the history of informed consent in clinical medicine, research, and the courts. They argue that respect for autonomy has had a central role in the justification and function of informed consent requirements. Then they present a theory of the nature of informed consent that is based on an appreciation of its historical roots. An important contribution to a topic of current legal and ethical debate, this study is accessible to everyone with a serious interest in biomedical ethics, including physicians, philosophers, policy makers, religious ethicists, lawyers, and psychologists. This timely analysis makes a significant contribution to the debate about the rights of patients and subjects.
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American Medical Association analysis argued authorization auton autonomous action autonomous choice believe beneficence model Bernard Gert biomedical Chapter clinical coercion competence concept consent in sense contexts court deception decisionmaking Declaration of Helsinki developed DHEW disclose disclosure discussion duty effects example Experimentation federal harm Health Care Decisions Hospital Human Experimentation Human Subjects Ibid ical influence informed consent informed consent requirements intentionally intervention investigator issues Journal justified Katz Law Review malpractice manipulation medical ethics medicine Meisel ment Mondeville negligence noncontrol Nuremberg Code obtain informed consent offer one’s participation patient or subject patient’s patients and subjects Pernick persuasion physician practice President's Commission President’s principle of respect problems procedure professional protect psychological reasonable person refuse regulations relevant Report research ethics respect for autonomy responsibility risks role Salgo self-determination Silent World social standard substantial understanding substantially autonomous surgeons surgery therapeutic therapy threat tion treatment