The Politics of Language in Chinese Education: 1895 - 1919
The study examines the origins of the "literary revolution" proclaimed in 1917 which laid the foundation for the replacement of the classical language by the vernacular as China's national language and medium of national literature. A unique, multifaceted approach is used to explain the political significance of the classical/vernacular divide against the backdrop of social change that followed the Sino-Japanese War of 1894-5. Seeing education as the central battleground for all debates on language, the study in six thoroughly documented chapters investigates the language policy of the Qing and Republican governments, vernacular journalism of the revolutionaries, the activities of urban script reformers, the linguistic thought of the national essence advocates, and the emergence of a scholarly interest in the vernacular in academic circles.
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Chapter One The Politics of Language in China and
Chapter Two The Language Question at the Turn of
for Broader Education
Chapter Three The Revolutionary Movement
Chapter Four The Struggle for Legitimate Language
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Anhui └rst baihua baihua journals baihuawen Beijing dialect Cai Yuanpei Chapter Chen Duxiu China Chinese characters Chinese language chubanshe classical language Confucian Classics culture Dagongbao Daxue de└ned dynasty grammar Guanhua Guocui Xuebao guowen Guoyu Guoyu yundong Hangzhou Hu Shi Huang Ibid in┴uence Japan Japanese jiaokeshu Jiaoyu Zazhi jindai baokan minglu Jingzhong Ribao language policy Liang Qichao linguistic literary revolution literature Liu Shipei lower primary schools Ministry of Education missionaries modern national essence national language of└cial phonetic pronunciation prose published Qian Xuantong Qing mo quanji reform revolutionary script Shanghai Shuju Shuowen Jiezi spoken language style teaching textbooks Tokyo Tongcheng vernacular journals Wan Qing Wang Zhao wenji wenxue wenzi gaige Western writing written language Wu Zhihui Xiaoxue Xin Qingnian Xingui Xuebu Guanbao xuetang Xuezhi yanbian Yanjiu Yuan Shikai Zhang Binglin Zhang Taiyan Zhang Zhidong zhangcheng Zhongguo Baihuabao Zhongguo jindai baokan Zhuyin Zouding