A Manual of Botany for the Northern States: Comprising Generic Descriptions of All Phenogamous and Cryptog Amous Plants to the North of Virginia, Hitherto Described; with References to the Natural Orders of Linneus and Jussieu
Websters and Skinners, 1817 - 164 pages
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1-flowered 1-leafed 1-seeded 2-lipped 3-lobed acuminate anthers aril awned awnless axillary base bell-form beneath berry bracts branched Calyx 2-valved Calyx 5-cleft Calyx 5-leaved Calyx 5-parted Calyx 5-toothed Calyx imbricate Calyx inferior capsule 1-celled ciliate coloured compressed corol 2-valved corol 5-petalled corol ringent corymbed crenate culm cylindric disk divisions doubly-pinnate downy drupe egret entire filaments flat florets frond fruit Fungus germ glabrous globose globular glume hairy involucre keel lance-ovate leafets leafy leaves clasping leaves cordate leaves lance leaves lanceolate leaves ovate leaves pinnate leaves ternate legume lichen lobed many-flowered many-seeded margin moss nectary oblong obovate obtuse ORDER outer oval panicle peduncles peristome petals petioles pinnate pinnatifid Pistillate flowers Pistillate flowers—calyx racemes receptacle naked reflexed roundish scales scape seeds serrate sessile silicle silique simple smooth species spikelets spikes spreading stamens Staminate flowers—ament Staminate flowers—calyx stem-leaves stigma striate styles sule teeth terminal ternate toothed tubular umbels upper lip valves whorled
Page 60 - HYPER"ICUM. Calyx 5-parted; divisions equal, sub-ovate ; corolla 5-petalled ; filaments often united at the base in 3 or 5 sets ; styles 2 to 5 ; capsules membranaceous, roundish, with a number of cells equal to the number of styles.
Page 101 - Staminate flowers — calyx obsolete, 3-leayed : corolla 0 ; stamens 3 together, on a chaffy or hairy receptacle, united below into one. Pistillate flowers — below the Staminate; calyx 0; corolla 0; seed 1, pedicelled; the pedicels surrounded at the base with long hairs resembling an egret.
Page 125 - EQUISE'TUM. Fruit placed under peltate polygons, being pileus-like bodies, which are arranged in whorls, forming a spike-form raceme ; 4 to 7 spiral filaments surround the seed (probably), which resemble green globules. (Fertile plants mostly leafless ; the stems of all are jointed with toothed sheaths at every joint, and usually longitudinally striated and hollow.
Page 81 - LA'THYRUS. Calyx with the two upper divisions shorter : style flat, villose above, broader towards the top. (Stems mostly winged, leafets 2 or more, terminated by a divided tendril.) — (sweet pea.) (Stigma not pubescent.) PHASF/OLCS.
Page 125 - Musci. Perceiving that the work is swelling beyond what was intended, nothing more will be given under the five remaining orders than is absolutely necessary for studying the genera. Perhaps another edition may appear which will include all the known species of plants in the Northern States. The manuscript was prepared last summer, under the immediate inspection of Professor Ives of Yale College.
Page 119 - PTERIS, or brake, capsules form ing lines on the edge of the leaf. Some ferns bear their fruit in a peculiar appendage, as a spike or protuberance in the axils, or at the base of the leaves ; no appear ance of flowers in these plants is ever presented.
Page 111 - CUCUR"BITA. Staminate flowers: calyx 5-toothed; corolla 5-cleft; filaments 3. Pistillate flowers: calyx and corolla like the staminate; pistil 3-cleft; berry large, 3 to 5-celled ; seeds thickened at the margin, (gourd, squash, pumpkin, water-melon.) Ex.
Page 75 - Calyx erect, converging; partition extending beyond the valves of the silique ; seed globose ; glands between the short stamens and pistil, and between the long stamens and calyx.— (cabbage, turnip.) i CLASS xv.
Page 117 - DATIS"CA. Staminate flowers: calyx 5leaved ; corolla 0 ; anthers sessile, about 15. Pistillate flowers: calyx superior, 2-toothed ; styles 3 ; capsules 3-angled, 3-horned, ]. celled, many-seeded, (false homp.) THALIC"TRUM.
Page 2 - Gynandria, stamens stand on the germ, style or stigma, separate from the base of the calyx or corol; Orchis, etc. 21. Monacla, stamens and pistils in separate flowers on the same plant; Amaranth, Pine, Nettle, etc. 22. Dicecia, stamens and pistils on separate plants; Yew, etc.