The Climate of Rebellion in the Early Modern Ottoman Empire
The Climate of Rebellion in the Early Modern Ottoman Empire explores the serious and far-reaching impacts of Little Ice Age climate fluctuations in Ottoman lands. This study demonstrates how imperial systems of provisioning and settlement that defined Ottoman power in the 1500s came unraveled in the face of ecological pressures and extreme cold and drought, leading to the outbreak of the destructive Celali Rebellion (1595–1610). This rebellion marked a turning point in Ottoman fortunes, as a combination of ongoing Little Ice Age climate events, nomad incursions and rural disorder postponed Ottoman recovery over the following century, with enduring impacts on the region's population, land use and economy.
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A.S.V. Dispacci-Costantinopoli agriculture akçe Akda˘g Anatolia Ankara army Balkans banditry bandits Bursa Cambridge University Press campaign capital Celali Celali Rebellion chapter chronicler cities Climatic Change Climatology cold countryside decades defters demographic Devlet disease Diyarbakır documents drought early modern ecology economic Edirne eighteenth century empire’s environmental epidemics Europe evidence famine grain growth historians History Ibid Ice Age crisis imperial government imperial orders Inalcık Istanbul Janissaries kadı Karaman Karamanid Kayseri Konya l’Empire ottoman Larende late sixteenth Little Ice Age m¨uhimme major Maunder Minimum Mehmed Middle East military Mustafa natural disasters nomads officials ofthe Osman Osman II Ottoman Empire Ottoman lands Ottomanists peasants PhD diss plague population pressure provinces reaya Reconstruction region role rural sekbans settlement seventeenth century sheep shortages sipahis sixteenth century sohtas soldiers Studies sultan supply Suraiya Faroqhi Syria T¨urk T¨urkmen tahrirs Tarih-i Selânikˆı Tarihi tımar Touchan tribes Turkey Turkish Universitesi urban Venetian villages winter