Reading the Reverse Fa?e of Reims Cathedral: Royalty and Ritual in Thirteenth-Century France
Though long recognized as one of the most beautiful works from the second half of the thirteenth century, the magnificent sculptural program of the reverse fa?e at Reims Cathedral has received little in the way of scholarly attention. Interpreting the iconography in the light of Latin texts associated with the building, its history and its ceremonial use, Donna Sadler assesses the significance of the reverse fa?e in light of other thirteenth-century visual programs associated with the court of Louis IX. The book's chapters deal with the history of the cathedral and its architectural antecedents; the iconographic message of the visual program, the meaning of the reverse fa?e and how it intersects with the overall iconography; the function of the verso and how it is enhanced by the marriage of form and content; and a consideration of contemporary works linked to the court of Saint Louis, concluding with a brief look at the new roles sculpture assumes as it migrates inside cathedrals. Ultimately this book reveals how the imagery on the reverse fa?e not only conforms to a system of memory and mode of medieval narratology, but also articulates a dominant ideological position regarding the interdependence of ecclesiastical and royal powers.
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1 Reading Reims Cathedral through the Palimpsest of its Past
2 The Reverse Façade as Complement to Iconographic Program
3 Mirror of Princes in Stone
4 Marriage of Form and Content
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Abraham angels anointed archbishop of Reims architectural archivolts baptism Bibles moralisées biblical Capetian Carolingian Carolingian Renaissance cathédrale de Reims central portal chapel Chartres chess choir Christ Christian Church Clovis coronation ceremony crown crusade David Demouy façade of Reims Figure I.2 foliage France French king God’s Gothic Sculpture Herod Herodias Hincmar Holy Ibid iconographic program images inner north portal John the Baptist John’s Jordan Kantorowicz king’s Kurmann Last Judgment latter lintel Louis IX medieval Melchisedek miracles Mirror of Princes Moses narrative nave Nicasius niche figures north transept Old Testament Paris Pascale L.-R Passion Passion relics Photo portal Figure prefigured priest prophecy prophets Reims Cathedral Reinhardt relics Remigius Remois reverse façade role row of niches royal ruler Saint Louis Sainte-Chapelle Sauerländer scenes sculptural program Solomon St.-Denis stained glass statues Ste.-Chapelle stone and polychromy thirteenth century tomb transept tympanum unction Virgin visual voussoirs west façade Zacharias