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Totem-Post from the Haida Village of Masset; Two British Columbian House ...
Edward B. Sir Tylor
No preview available - 2016
animal-worship Animals and Plant animistic Anthropological Institute Anthropology Beaver belonging BRITISH COLUMBIAN HOUSE-POSTS canoe claims the hawk clan clan-totem clanship Codrington deities descent divine doctrine early religion evidence exogamy F. B. Jevons Fiji Fijian Fox Warren G. A. Wilken gods grounds of Fox HAIDA VILLAGE Hoorts the Bear HOUSE-POSTS WITH TOTEMIC incarnate J. F. McLennan J. G. Frazer killer Killer-Whale killing or eating kinsfolk Long's marriage missionary teaching monotheism myth mythic native belief Ojibwa Orca ater phratries PITT-RIVERS MUSEUM Plate XII Professor of Anthropology Queen Charlotte Islands raven totem REMARKS ON TOTEMISM sacred animal sacrifice Samoan seems Skana species of animals story Tangaloa theological Tlingit Toivats the Hunter totam TOTEM HOUSE-POSTS totem stage totem-animals totem-clans totem-creature totem-gods totem-names Totem-post erected totem-system totemism proper totemistic transmigration of souls Tsimshian Turner turtle Tylor University of Oxford VILLAGE OF MASSET Weybridge whale Witchetty Grub wolf Yetl
Page 140 - Shocked at the transaction, and dreading the displeasure of the Master of Life, whom he conceived he had highly offended, he fell down, and lay senseless for some time: recovering from his state of insensibility, he got up, and was making the best of his way to my house, when he was met in the road by another large bear, who pulled him down, and scratched his face. The Indian relating this event at his return, added, in the simplicity of his nature, that the bear asked him what could induce him to...
Page 148 - Exogamy can and does exist without totemism, and for all we know was originally independent of it, but the frequency of their close combination over three-quarters of the earth points to the ancient and powerful action of the totems at once in consolidating clans and allying them together within the larger circle of the tribe. This may well have been among the most effective processes in the early social growth of the human race.
Page 140 - Should one be surprised to find that admonitory bear of the man's imagination worshipped as a god further on in the history of Bear tribes advancing undisturbed by external influences, correlated with the Master of Life in the Olympus, or even preferred to, or identified with him ? The Master of Life of this story, we infer from other passages in the (1) Archa'.
Page xi - ... blankets and not look till he called them. They heard it grate on the beach as it was hauled down into the surf, and the man said, " Look now." Then they saw the canoe going over the first breaker and the man sitting in the stern, but when it came to the second breaker it went under and came up outside a killer and not a canoe, and the man or demon was in its belly.
Page 143 - Some make themselves of the caste of the tiger, some of the lion, some of the guanaco, and others of the ostrich, etc. They imagine that these deities have each their separate habitations, in vast caverns under the earth, beneath some lake, hill, etc. ; and that when an Indian dies, his soul goes to live with the deity who presides over his particular family, there to enjoy the happiness of being eternally drunk.
Page 139 - ... spirit, which he believes watches over him. This totam they conceive assumes the shape of some beast or other, and therefore tltey never kill, hunt, or eat the animal whose form they think this totam bears." Long coined the word " totamism." Dr. Schoolcraft, who gave currency to the forms " totem " and " totemic" says (in the first volume of " Collections respecting the Indian Tribes,
Page 145 - The immense influence of sacrificial feasts as means of binding societies of worshippers together, and to their common divinity...
Page vii - America totems are often accounted for by myths of ancestral heroes who had adventures with this or that animal. " The Tlingit " (Thlinket) " hold that souls of ancestors are reborn in children, that a man will be reborn as a man, a wolf as a wolf, a raven as a raven.
Page xi - Totems of Yan Totem of Yan The Eagle at Yan was seen, and they found it was a large canoe and not the Killer-Whale (Skana) on the beach, and that a man was on shore cooking food, who asked them why they threw stones at his canoe. 'You have broken it,' he said. 'Now go into the woods and get some cedar withes and mend it.' When they had done so, he told them to turn their backs to the water and cover their heads with their skin blankets and not look till he called them. They heard it grate on the...
Page xi - ... with the animal which was thence adopted as the totem of the clan. The myth of Hoorts the Bear and Toivats the Hunter being also represented on the Fox Warren totem post described in the previous paper, the story there told need not be repeated here. The story of the Killer-Whale, to which the carving undoubtedly refers, is substantially as follows: Ages ago the Indians were out seal-hunting. A killer kept alongside of a canoe, and the Indians amused themselves by throwing stones from the canoe...