Educational Research: Competencies for Analysis and Application
With its goal of helping students become competent as both consumers and producers of educational research, this text presents all the skills and procedures needed, with a strong emphasis on evaluation of student performance. The text offers comprehensive instruction that encompasses the full spectrum of the field. Evaluation criteria are presented for each major research task included: problem definition; research planning; sampling; instrumentation; methodology; data analysis; and research reporting.
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abstract achievement administered analysis analysis of variance approach appropriate attitudes basal reader baseline basic behavior causal-comparative classroom cluster sampling conducted Content validity covariance describe descriptive determine developed discussed Educational Research effect efficacy error evaluation example experimental designs generalizability grade identified independent variable indicates individual instrument interaction internal validity interview investigated involved Journal major mean measure ment method null hypothesis observation parents participant observation participation performance person population possible posttest prediction pretest probably problem procedures qualitative research quantitative questionnaire questions random randomly assigned referred relationship reliability represent research hypothesis research plan research report research study responses review of related sample scale scores single-subject sources specific standard deviation standard score statistical strategy stratified sampling Table teachers teaching techniques test of significance tion treatment Type I error typically usually validity variance versus words