Brilliant Light in Life and Material Sciences

Front Cover
Vasili Tsakanov, Helmut Wiedemann
Springer Science & Business Media, Mar 31, 2007 - Medical - 500 pages
A NATO Advanced Research Workshop on “Brilliant Light Facilities and Research in Life and Material Sciences” was held from July 17 to July 21, 2006. The workshop was hosted by the Center for the Advancement of Natural Discoveries using Light Emission, Yerevan - the newly established institute in Armenia with the aim to create a synchrotron radiation facility, CANDLE, as an international laboratory for advanced research in life and material sciences. About 50 researchers from NATO, partner countries and Armenia gathered at Yerevan to discuss modern trends in developments of advanced light sources with high spectral brilliance and applications in basic and applied research in a wide range of fields. Research with high brilliant photon beams are used, for example for practical applications in pharmacy, electronics and nanotechnology. Such practical relevance promoted the design and construction of now more than 50 such facilities worldwide. Overview and specialized talks on the status and highlights of newly constructed light sources (ALBA, SPEAR3, European XFEL Facility, Siberian Synchrotron Radiation Center, CANDLE), on instrumentation and development of experimental techniques, and frontier research in life and material sciences using synchrotron radiation have been presented. More than 60% of the program was devoted to application of synchrotron radiation in biophysics, biochemistry, biomedicine, material and environmental investigations. The workshop brought together scientists from a wide spectrum of research fields emphasizing the wide application and demand of synchrotron radiation and underlining the necessity of user involvement in the early design stages of a new project.
 

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Contents

Synchrotron Light Sources Status and New Projects
3
Einfeld
20
SPEAR3 Synchrotron Light Source
31
J Safranek
42
J Bordas
57
CANDLE Synchrotron Light Source Project
69
Social and Economic Impact of the CANDLE Light Source Project
81
Kharkov Xray Generator NESTOR
89
J Anastassopoulou P Arapantoni E Boukaki et
279
H Avetisyan Y Elbakyan V Hovhannisyan
289
Level and Chemical Composition of Cryoglobulins in Schizophrenia 295
294
Aballe A Barinov M Bertolo L Gregoratti et
302
Advanced Materials Research with 3rd Generation Synchrotron Light
317
Dynamics of Dimers and Adatoms at Silicon and Germanium Surfaces
329
G Le Lay V Yu Aristov F Ronci S Colonna and A Cricenti
338
VUV Spectroscopy of Wide BandGap Crystals
349

Xray Absorption Spectroscopy in Biology and Chemistry
97
G N George and I J Pickering
117
Recent Advances in Automation of Xray Crystallographic Beamlines
133
Applications in Plant Proteins 141
140
Alignment of Moleculs in Solution
153
A Shahkhatuni
162
F Morozov Y Sh Mamasakhlisov A V Mkrtchyan et
175
Emission Spectroscopy in Biophysical Macromolecular research
185
B Kierdaszuk
199
Minasbekyan H Badalyan P Vardevanyan
213
Some Aspects of Synchrotron Radiation Effects in Radiobiology
219
Novel Chemotypes in Pharmacochemical Approaches
241
Genetic Effects of Electromagnetic Waves
251
R Aroutiounian G Hovhannisyan G Gasparian
266
MicroFTIR Spectroscopic Studies of Breast Tissues
273
Xray Diffraction Imaging of Nanoscale Particles
361
Xray Spectroscopy
371
Hard xRay Holographic Methods 383
382
Natural Zeolites and Application in Liquid Waste Treatment
395
Study of Memory in Solids States Under Synchrotron Radiation Excitation 403
402
HOM Damped Cavities for High Brilliance Synchrotron Light Sources 413
411
E Weihreter F Marhauser
429
Production of FemtosecondPicosecond Electron and Xray Pulses
440
Bunch time Structure Detector with Picosecond Resolution
455
AutoCalibrating Based Dispersometer for HighAccuracy
465
Thin Wire Secondary Emission Target for PicoFemto
469
Gravitational Wave Detectors CANDLE Case
485
H P Bezirganyan S E Bezirganyan H H Bezirganyan P H Bezirganyan
499
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