This core text emphasizes the underlying neural structures and functions of sensory systems (pain, olfaction, gustation, audition, vision, etc.) and presents this complex material at a level comprehensible to undergraduates as well as beginning graduate students. The text begins with a review of the central nervous system and its sensory components and includes discussions of methodological techniques and procedures used to study sensory processes.
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Synapses and Receptors
Proprioception and Kinesthesis
Vestibular Central Pathways
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action potentials afferent auditory axon basilar membrane bipolar cell brain C-fibers cause cell body central nervous system channels chemical cilia cochlea color complex cones cortex cortical dendrite depolarization discussion electrical endolymph environment EPSP example excitatory frequency function ganglion cell gates geniculate gradient hearing loss hyperpolarization influx inhibition inhibitory initial inner ear inner hair cells inputs intensity ions layers light located medial middle ear molecules movement muscles myelin neural activity neuron neurotransmitter nucleus occurs odor olfactory bulb olfactory receptor outer hair cells pain papillae path pathways perception perilymph peripheral portion postsynaptic pressure presynaptic receptive field receptor potential release respond result retina scala media second messenger sensitive sensory systems shown in Figure shows sodium-potassium pump somatosensory sound spike spinal cord spinal nerve spinothalamic tract stimulus synapse taste buds taste receptors temporal thalamus theory threshold tion transduction traveling wave tympani vestibular system voltage waveform wavelengths