Colonialism and Postcolonial Development: Spanish America in Comparative Perspective
In this comparative-historical analysis of Spanish America, Mahoney offers a new theory of colonialism and postcolonial development. He explores why certain kinds of societies are subject to certain kinds of colonialism and why these forms of colonialism give rise to countries with differing levels of economic prosperity and social well-being. Mahoney contends that differences in the extent of colonialism are best explained by the potentially evolving fit between the institutions of the colonizing nation and those of the colonized society. Moreover, he shows how institutions forged under colonialism bring countries to relative levels of development that may prove remarkably enduring in the postcolonial period. The argument is sure to stir discussion and debate, both among experts on Spanish America who believe that development is not tightly bound by the colonial past, and among scholars of colonialism who suggest that the institutional identity of the colonizing nation is of little consequence.
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2 Spain and Its Colonial Empire in the Americas
3 Mercantilist Colonialism
4 Liberal Colonialism
5 Warfare and Postcolonial Development
6 Postcolonial Levels of Development
7 British and Portuguese Colonialism
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actors African agricultural American Historical Review areas Argentina Audiencia Aztec Bogot´a Bolivia Bourbon Brazil Buenos Aires cacao Cambridge University Press capital Caracas Central America chap chiefdoms Chile Colombia colonial center commercial complex Conquest Costa Rica countries economic development Economic History Ecuador eighteenth century El Salvador elite Empire encomenderos encomienda ethnic European exports ﬁrst GDP per capita growth Guatemala Habsburg Hacienda Hispanic American Historical Honduras Inca Inca Empire Indian indigenous population indigenous societies inﬂuence Jos´e labor land late colonial period Latin America level of economic levels of colonialism levels of development liberal colonialism Lima long-run Mapuche markets mercantilist mercantilist colonialism merchants Mexico City mineral mining mita nation Nicaragua ofﬁcials Paraguay peripheries Peru port Portuguese postcolonial development Potos´ı Princeton production proﬁtable proﬁts Quito reforms region Salvador semiperiphery settlement settlers seventeenth century siglo signiﬁcant silver slaves social development Spain Spanish America Spanish colonialism speciﬁc territories trade Uruguay Venezuela wealth World