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Africa ancient animals antlers Arctic Asia Auvergne Barrow belong bison bones boulder clay Britain British Bronze age cave-earth Cave-hunting Cave-men caverns Celt Celtic Cervus civilisation climate continent Crag deer deposits discovery district Early Pleistocene elephant Eocene Eskimos Etruskan Europe fauna feet flakes flint flora Forest-bed forests forms fossil France Gaudry Gaul Geol Germany Gerv Gervais glacial gravels Greek Heer hippopotamus horse hyaena Iberian implements inhabitants Ireland Irish elk Iron age Isles Italy Journ land Lartet late Pleistocene lignites living species Lond London Clay lower Meiocene Lyell Machairodus mammalia mammals mammoth marsupials Mediterranean Meiocene age mountains Neolithic age northern numbers ornaments Palaeolithic period Phoenicians Pleiocene Pleistocene age Pleistocene mammalia Prehistoric present probably Professor proved Quart regions reindeer represented rhinoceros river River-drift Robin Hood Cave sand Scandinavia skull southern Spain stone straight-tusked elephant strata Switzerland Thames tombs traces trees Ungulata Upper Eocene valley wild woolly rhinoceros
Page 155 - As each separate herd approaches the river, the deer draw more closely together, and the largest and strongest takes the lead. He advances, closely followed by a few of the others, with head erect, and apparently intent on examining the locality. When he has satisfied himself he enters the river, the rest of the herd crowd after him, and in a few minutes the surface is covered with them.
Page 272 - Neolithic homesteads, and of the neighbouring stockaded camp which afforded refuge in time of need ; while here and there a gleam of gold would show the small patch of ripening wheat. " We enter a track in the forest, and thread our way to one of the clusters of homesteads, passing herds of goats and flocks of horned sheep, or disturbing a troop of horses or small short-horned oxen, or stumbling upon a swineherd tending the hogs in their search after roots. We should probably have to defend ourselves...
Page 252 - Second spent in Ireland) as well as in almost all the other western ports, a very remarkable circumstance occurred. The sandy shores of South Wales being laid bare by the extraordinary violence of a storm, the surface of the earth, which had been covered for many ages, reappeared, and discovered the trunks of trees cut off, standing in the very sea itself, the strokes of the hatchet appearing as if made only yesterday...
Page 244 - ... in ourselves, and very much higher than that of his successors in Europe in the Neolithic age. The hunter who was both artist and sculptor, who reproduced with his imperfect means at one time foliage, at another the quiet repose of a reindeer feeding, has left behind the proof of a decided advance in culture, such as might be expected to result from the long continuance of man on the earth in the hunter state of civilization.
Page 273 - ... ground to a circular edge, or carving various implements out of bone and antler with sharp splinters of flint, while the women are preparing the meal with pestles and mortars and grain rubbers, and cooking it on the fire, generally outside the house, or spinning thread with spindle and distaff, or weaving it with a rude loom. We might also see them at work at the moulding of rude cups and vessels out of clay which had been carefully prepared.
Page 495 - I think we must venture to suspend judgment for the present. Seeing that a later skull, like that of Neanderthal, is strikingly ape-like in one most important particular, is considerably lower in general type than that of the lowest living savage, and (as Professor Huxley has shown) is rather nearer...
Page 190 - Both bodies of deer extended further than the eye could reach, and formed a compact mass, narrowing towards the front. They moved slowly and majestically along, their broad antlers resembling a moving wood of leafless trees. Each body was led by a deer of unusual size, which my guides assured me was always a female. One of the herds was stealthily followed by a wolf, who was apparently watching for an opportunity of seizing any one of the younger and weaker deer which might fall behind the rest,...
Page 244 - Dawkins says truly of the cave-man, "he possessed a singular talent for representing the animals he hunted ; and his sketches reveal to us that he had a capacity for seeing the beauty and grace of natural form not much inferior to that which is the result of long-continued civilization in ourselves, and very much higher than that of his successors in Europe in the Neolithic age.
Page 67 - There is, however, one most important consideration which renders it highly improbable that man was then living in any part of the world. No living species of land mammal has been met with in the Meiocene fauna. Man, the most highly specialised of all creatures, had no place in a fauna which is conspicuous by the absence of all the mammalia now associated with him.
Page 21 - I think, actually survive at the present day, many but slightly altered. Then the subtropical members decreased, and the temperate forms, never quite absent even in the Middle Eocenes, preponderated. As decreasing temperature drove the tropical forms south, the more northern must have pressed more closely upon them.