Medical Management of Radiation Accidents

Front Cover
Igor Gusev, Angelina Guskova, Fred A. Mettler
CRC Press, Mar 28, 2001 - Medical - 640 pages
Although radiation accidents are rare and often complex in nature, they are of great concern not only to the patient and involved medical staff, but to the media and public as well. Yet there are few if any comprehensive publications on the medical management of radiation accidents. Medical Management of Radiation Accidents provides a complete reference for those concerned with radiation accidents nationally as well as abroad.

Substantially different from the first edition, which dealt predominantly with radiation accident experiences in the United States, this updated and revised Second Edition represents an international cooperative effort that reflects current international approaches and experiences related to the medical management of radiation accidents. It is organized into areas that include:

  • the fundamental aspects, medical characteristics, and classification of radiation accidents
  • aspects of radiation on the entire body and specific tissues
  • the history of accidents throughout the world
  • a general overview of certain types of accidents with specific examples
  • a follow-up of persons accidentally exposed to radiation with considerations related to epidemiological studies and a few selected examples
  • radiation protection and dosimetry issues, psychological considerations, and accidental exposure of pregnant females.

    The majority of this text is a Russian-United States effort; however, it includes work from authors from Austria, Brazil, Canada, China, France, Japan, and Peru.
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    Contents

    Chapter 1 Fundamentals of Radiation Accidents
    1
    Chapter 2 Medical Characteristics of Different Types of Radiation Accidents
    15
    Chapter 3 Radiation Sickness Classification
    23
    Underlying Principles and Assessment
    33
    Chapter 5 Treatment of Acute Radiation Sickness
    53
    Chapter 6 Direct Effects of Radiation on Specific Tissues
    69
    Chapter 7 The Safety of Radiation Sources and the Security of Radioactive Materials
    133
    Chapter 8 Review of Chinese Nuclear Accidents
    149
    Chapter 27 Fatal Accidental Overdose with Radioactive Gold in Wisconsin USA
    361
    Chapter 28 Skin Wounds and Burns Contaminated by Radioactive Substances Metabolism Decontamination Tactics and Techniques of Medical Care
    363
    Chapter 29 Iridium192 Acid Skin Burn in Albuquerque New Mexico USA
    421
    Chapter 30 Hospital Preparation for Radiation Accidents
    425
    Chapter 31 Emergency Room Management of Radiation Accidents
    437
    Chapter 32 Application of Radiation Protection Principles to Accident Management
    449
    Chapter 33 Monitoring and Epidemiological FollowUp of People Accidentally Exposed
    453
    Chapter 34 Issues Involved in LongTerm FollowUp of People after Radiation Exposure
    461

    Chapter 9 Radiation Accidents in the Former USSR
    157
    Chapter 10 Radiation Accidents in the United States
    167
    Chapter 11 Criticality Accidents
    173
    Chapter 12 Medical Aspects of the Accident at Chernobyl
    195
    Chapter 13 Accidents at Industrial Irradiation Facilities
    211
    Chapter 14 Local Radiation Injury
    223
    Chapter 15 Accidental Radiation Injury from Industrial Radiography Sources
    241
    Chapter 16 Accident Involving Abandoned Radioactive Sources in Georgia 1997
    259
    Chapter 17 Localized Irradiation from an Industrial Radiography Source in San Ramon Peru
    269
    Chapter 18 Exposure Analysis and Medical Evaluation of a LowEnergy XRay Diffraction Accident
    277
    Chapter 19 Local Irradiation Injury of the Hands with an Electron Beam Machine
    289
    Chapter 20 Accidents in Radiation Therapy
    291
    Chapter 21 A 2Year Medical FollowUp of the Radiotherapy Accident in Costa Rica
    299
    Chapter 22 Medical Accidents with Local Injury from Use of Medical Fluoroscopy
    313
    General Principles
    319
    Chapter 24 Lifetime FollowUp of the 1976 Americium Accident Victim
    337
    Chapter 25 Two Los Alamos Plutonium Accidents
    345
    Chapter 26 Internal Contamination in the Goi‚nia Accident Brazil 1987
    355
    Chapter 35 LongTerm FollowUp after Accidental Exposure to Radioactive Fallout in the Marshall Islands
    471
    Chapter 36 Manhattan Project Plutonium Workers at Los Alamos
    477
    Chapter 37 Epidemiological Evaluation of Populations Accidentally Exposed Near the Techa River Russia
    485
    Chapter 38 Instrumentation and Physical Dose Assessment in Radiation Accidents
    489
    Chapter 39 Evaluation of Neutron Exposure
    501
    Chapter 40 The Current Status of Biological Dosimeters
    507
    Chapter 41 Psychosocial Effects of Radiation Accidents
    519
    Chapter 42 Accidental Radiation Exposure during Pregnancy
    527
    Glossary
    541
    Sample Radiation Plan for a Medical Facility
    557
    World Health Organization Radiation Accident Coordinating Centers
    571
    Conversion Tables for SI and Conventional Units
    575
    Absorbed Dose Estimates from Radionuclides
    579
    Specific Gamma Ray Constants
    587
    Radionuclides Listed Alphabetically
    589
    Index
    593
    Back cover
    619
    Copyright

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