The Development of the Komnenian Army
The emperors of the Komnenian dynasty orchestrated the economic and military renewal of the Byzantine Empire. In 1081, Alexios I became emperor of a bankrupt and diminished empire. In 1180, Manuel I ruled the most powerful state in the eastern Mediterranean, capable of sending expeditions to Egypt, Hungary, Italy, and Palestine. This study examines how the Komnenian emperors restored the Byzantine state by building a professional army of mercenaries and Byzantine citizens. It examines the army's ethnic composition, tactics, equipment, and its financial support. Finally, it examines the army in battle. This is the only study of the Byzantine army during the privotal twelfth century. It provides an explanation for the complex Byzantine political and military problems of the eleventh and twelfth centuries, as well as another perspective on the European crusading movement.
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Chapter One Textual Sources for 12th and 13thCentury
Chapter Two Historical Overview of Eleventh
Chapter Three The Campaigns of Alexios I Komnenos
Chapter Four The Campaigns of John II Komnenos
Chapter Five The Campaigns of Manuel I Komnenos
Chapter Six Supporting the Komnenian Army
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Alexiade Alexios allies Andronikos Anna Komnene Anna’s Antioch appears archers armed armor Asia Minor attack Attaleiates battle besieged Bohemond Botaneiates Bryennios Byzan Byzantine army Byzantium campaign cavalry century chroniclers chrysobull Cilicia cities combat command Constantinople Crusade Cumans Danishmendids defeat defensive describes Dorylaion Doukas Dyrrachion eleventh empire empire's enemy Epiros evidence fighting fiscal fleet fortified fought frontier guard Historia horses Hungarians Ikonion infantry injury Italy John and Manuel John Kinnamos John's Kastamon Kerkyra Komnenian army Komnenian emperors Komnenian period Komnenos Kontostephanos lance land Lemerle levies Macedonian Magoulias Maiander Manuel's army Manuel's reign Manzikert mentions mercenaries Michael Psellos Michael VII military Myriokephalon Nikephoros Niketas Choniates Normans numbers Palaiologos Pechenegs peltasts pronoia provinces Psellos raids recruits retreat Romanos Seljuk Turks Semlin Serbians siege engines skirmishing soldiers sources strategy tactical territory Thrace tine tion trebuchets troops Turkish units Varangians Venetian victory warfare western wounds Zeugminon Zonaras