Basra, the Failed Gulf State: Separatism and Nationalism in Southern Iraq
Is Iraq "artificial", on the verge of disintegrating? All too often, the answers to this question ignore Iraq's own history. In fact, the literature on indigenous attempts at dismembering Iraq is surprisingly patchy, especially with regard to the oil-rich south.
This book presents, for the first time, an actual case of southern Iraqi separatism: a daring bid to turn Basra into a pro-British mercantile mini-state. The study uncovers the dynamics and limits of southern separatism, casts new light on the victory of Iraqi nationalism in the south and discusses the challenges of post-2003 regionalism in a federal Iraq.
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administrative Ahmad al-Nabhani al-Sani Anglo-Iraqi treaty anti-separatists April Arab Ashar August authorities Awqat Baghdad Basha'yan Basra area Basra governor Basra notables Basra separatist Basrawis became Britain British British officials BSAL centralisation century conscription Crow to Lowther December Dobbs early elite emerged Faydi Faysal federalism forces governor Gulf city Husayn Ibn Sa'ud Ibrahim ideas imperial India Office Iraq Iraqi Iraqi nationalism Iraqi nationalists Islamic Istanbul January July June Khaz'al Kuwait landowners lands late Ottoman London Madina mandate Mandil March Mosul Muhammad Muhammara mujtahid Muntafiq Najaf Najd Najdi Naqibs newspaper November October organisation Ottoman Empire Persian Philby political population port pro-British Qurna regime region religious remained Sa'dun sancak Sani Sayyid Talib scheme sectarian separate separatism separatist leaders separatist movement separatist petition separatist project September Shatt al-'Arab shaykh Shi'i Shi'ism SSO-Basra Sunni territorial tion traditional treaty tribal tribes ulama vision Wilson Young Turk Zubayr
Page 231 - By Nile and Tigris; a narrative of journeys in Egypt and Mesopotamia on behalf of the British Museum between the years 1886 and 1913.