proceedings of the american philosophical society

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Page 343 - Love not the world, nor those things which are in the world. If any man love the world, the charity of the Father is not in him; for all that is in the world, is the 'concupiscence of the flesh, and the concupiscence of the eyes, and the pride of life: which is not of the Father, but is of the world.
Page 345 - For when men hear that word, according to the ordinary use of the language, they simply understand by it the virtue of that particular position of the stars which may exist at the time when any one is born or conceived, which some separate altogether from the will of God, whilst others affirm that this also is dependent on that will. But those who are of opinion that, apart from the will of God, the stars determine what we shall do, or what good things we shall possess, or...
Page 345 - But who of us will say that by the sin of the first man free will perished from the human race ? Through sin freedom indeed perished, but it was that freedom which was in Paradise, to have a full righteousness with immortality ; and it is on this account that human nature needs divine grace, since the Lord says, " If the Son shall make you free, then shall ye be free indeed...
Page 338 - J fated and predetermined. This is the relative conception of freedom. In Palestinian Judaism at the time of the rise of Christianity man was also conceived as being constantly drawn by two opposite forces. These forces were called the good impulse and the evil impulse. But Hellenistic Judaism, through its spokesman Philo, identified these good and evil impulses with what the philosophers called emotion and reason. To both Palestinian and Hellenistic Judaism, however, human action was not the resultant...
Page 345 - with whom now we do not communicate. — that is, the whole of them with whom we differ, — that by the sin of the first man, that is, of Adam, free will perished : and that no one has now the power of living well, but that all are constrained into sin by the necessity of their flesh.
Page 344 - Augustine, of course, knew that men were instructed to pray to God to deliver them from evil or from the evil one, and this would seem to imply that God's help in delivering men from evil, which comes as an answer to prayer, is a merited grace. But, in anticipation of such reasoning, Augustine maintains that even God's answer to man's prayer cannot be considered a merited grace, for the will to pray as well as the act of praying does not come from man but from God. Thus, referring to those "who think...
Page 342 - ... therefore it is said of the first of the three that he was the father of many children but did not deem any of them worthy to be called his sons save one. For the learner may also be said to disown the offspring of ignorance and discard them, seeing their hostility and ill will. Again naturally all 62 we men, before the reason in us is fully grown, lie in the borderline between vice and virtue with no bias to either side. But when the mind is fully fledged "children...
Page 377 - ... thou art of a thousandfold strength; do thou quicken me; thou art of butter the butter; thou art of truth the truth; thou hast true life; thou hast true strength; with truth I besprinkle thee; may I share thee that art such.
Page 342 - The next question we shall require to be solved," says he, " is this : By what means is it brought about that man is with sin ? — by the necessity of nature, or by the freedom of choice ? If it is by the necessity of nature, he is blameless ; if by the freedom of choice, then the question arises, from whom he has received this freedom of choice. No doubt, from God. Well, but that which God bestows is certainly good. This cannot be gainsaid. On what principle, then, is a thing proved...
Page 366 - In this country a man as a worker is socially a doomed being, whether he be a skilled mechanic or a waste paper picker. When we look at the life condition of the workers the demarcationline of their trades is completely blotted out; for they lead, one and all, a life of hopelessness.

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