Humanity Books, 1999 - Science - 383 pages
As we survey the effects of modernism—environmental destruction, the net consumption of irreplaceable natural resources, the ever-widening gulf between first and third worlds—we are forced to grapple with the consequences of the domination of nature by human beings. The readings gathered here join these issues with critical theory to examine the ongoing struggle to rediscover the nature within human beings and to reconnect it with external nature.
Starting with an examination of the use of modernist thought as legitimation for the domination of nature, the collection progresses on a broad front: It examines how first-world economies create third-world dependency; the connections between poverty and population; how basic needs could be fulfilled in a green sustainable economy; the debate among deep, social, and socialist ecologists over the new ecological worldview; ecofeminism and the liberation of both women and nature; environmental justice for minorities and third-world peoples; the need for new spiritual relations between people and nature; and a new postmodern science that offers people a partnership with nature. The conclusion presents the "Principles of Environmental Justice," adopted by the First National People of Color Environmental Leadership Summit.
Each essay stands on its own as a contribution to the ecological debate, but the cumulative effect is clearly to ask how critical theorists, current environmental philosophers, and scientists propose to liberate both human beings and nature.
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CRITICAL THEORY AND THE DOMINATION
The Concept of Enlightenment
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Adorno American animals anthropocentric Arne Naess basic become birthrate capitalism capitalist concept concerns consciousness countries crisis Critical Theory critique cultural ecofeminism Deep Ecology destruction Dialectic domination of nature earth ecocentric ecofeminism ecofeminists ecologists Ecology Movement economic ecosystems Enlightenment environment Environmental Ethics Environmental justice essential essentialist example exploitation female feminism feminist Friedrich Engels Fritjof Capra Gaia global Goddess green Green Politics groups growth Horkheimer human individual industrial internal labor liberation living male Marcuse Marx Marxism material Max Horkheimer means modern Murray Bookchin nations object oppression organization paradigm patriarchal perspective philosophy physical planet political pollution population Press principle problems Process Theology production radical reason relations relationship religion revolution scientific social ecology social/ist ecofeminists socialist society species Spinoza spiritual structure struggle symbol things tion traditional transformation University values Western whole woman women York