Jesus as Guru: The Image of Christ Among Hindus and Christians in India
People in India form images of Jesus Christ that link up with their own culture. Hindus have given Jesus a place among the teachers and gods of their own religion, seeing in his life something of the wisdom and mysticism that is so central to Hinduism. Christians in India also make use of the concepts provided by Hinduism when they wish to express the meaning of Christ.
Thus, in any case, Jesus is--for Hindus and Christians--a guru, a teacher of wisdom who speaks with divine authority. But for many Hindu philosophers and Christian theologians there is much more that can be said about him within the Indian framework. He can be described as an avatara, a divine descent, or linked to the Brahman, the all-encompassing Reality. This study looks at both Hindu and Christian views of Christ, starting with that of the Hindu reformer Rammohan Roy at the beginning of the nineteenth century, as well as those of the first Christian theologians of India. The views of Mahatma Gandhi and the monks of the Ramakrishna Mission are discussed, and those of influential Christian schools such as the Ashram movement and dalit theology.
Five intermezzos indicate how artists in India portray Jesus Christ.
CHAPTER 9 Christ between the Religions
CHAPTER 10 Jesus as Liberator in the Theology of the Dalits
CHAPTER 11 Postscript
Other editions - View all
advaita Akhilananda Anglican appears ashram movement avatara background became Bede Griffiths Bhagavad-Gita bhakti Bible Brahman Brahmo Brahmo Samaj called caste Catholic ashrams central century certainly Chakkarai Chris Christian ashrams Christian faith Christology church concept cosmic culture Dalit Theology Delhi dialogue divine doctrine English example experience Father Gospel gospel of John guru high-caste Hinduism Hindus and Christians holy human image of Christ image of Jesus incarnation inculturation India Jesudason Jesus Christ Jyoti Kolkata Krishna later M.M. Thomas Madras Mahatma Gandhi Marshman Mission missionaries Monchanin monistic monks Mount mystical Nehemiah Goreh Nilakantha Nirmal Pandita Ramabai Panikkar Prabhavananda Pranami prayer preaching Protestant Pune Raja Raja Rammohan Roy Rama Ramakrishna Rammohan Roy Ranganathananda religion religious rituals Saccidananda sacred texts Samaj Samartha Sanskrit Saux Sermon society spiritual Swami Swami Vivekananda teacher teaching theologians tian tion Tolstoy tradition translation truth Vedanta Vivekananda wanted woman words writings