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The Decline of the Ottoman Empire
The Impact of the West
The Ottoman Reform
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Abdiilhamid administrative Ahmed Anatolia Ankara appointed Arabic Armenian army authority became began Caliphate capital central Cevdet Christian civilization Constantinople constitution Council derebeys dervish economic Edirne Efendi election eriat established Europe European exile foreign French Fuad Grand National Assembly Grand Vezir Greek Ibid ideas Imperial important influence Islam Istanbul Izmir Janissaries Jaschke Karal Kemalist land language later leaders liberal loyalty Mahmud Mehmed ment Midhat military Minister Ministry modern mosque movement Murad Muslim Mustafa Kemal Namik Kemal nationalist non-Muslims Nutuk officers Ottoman Empire Paža Paris parliament Pasa Pasha People's Party political provinces published reform regime religion religious Republic Revolution role rule Rumelia Russian schools Selim Selim III social society Sublime Porte Sultan Tanzimat Tarih tion traditions translation Tunaya Turkey Turkish language Turkish nation ulema Union and Progress vilayet Western Young Ottomans Young Turk Ziya