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Church and State in the United States, Or, the American Idea of Religious ...
Dr Philip Schaff
No preview available - 2015
adopted Almighty amendments American Article Bible blasphemy Christ Christian religion church citizen civil and political civil government clause colonial common law Congress Consti Constitution Convention creed day of rest declared denominations dissenters divine doctrines DOCUMENT duty ecclesiastical Empire England equal Erastian established Europe favor Federal Francis Lieber Francis Wharton free exercise German German Empire guarantees Holy human infidelity institutions irreligion Jews justice legislation Legislature liberal liberty of conscience ligion Lutheran ment ministers moral oath offence opinion Pennsylvania persecution Philadelphia plaintiff in error polygamy Pope Pope Pius VII prayer President principle profane profession prohibited Protestant Protestantism Providence Prussia public schools punishable recognized Reformed religious belief religious freedom religious liberty religious tests religious worship rights of conscience Roman Catholic Roman Catholic Church Sabbath Scriptures sects secure sentiment separation of church society spirit state-church statute Sunday Supreme Court tion toleration truth tution union United York
Page 65 - Fondly do we hope, fervently do we pray, that this mighty scourge of war may speedily pass away. Yet if God wills that it continue until all the wealth piled by the bondsman's two hundred and fifty years of unrequited toil shall be sunk, and until every drop of blood drawn with the lash shall be paid by another drawn by the sword, as was said three thousand years ago, so still it must be said, that ' the judgments of the l,ord are true and righteous altogether.
Page 30 - That religion or the duty which we owe to our Creator, and the manner of discharging it, can be directed only by reason and conviction, not by force or violence ; and, therefore, all men are equally entitled to the free exercise of religion, according to the dictates of conscience ; and that it is the mutual duty of all to practice Christian forbearance, love and charity towards each other.
Page 119 - No person demeaning himself in a peaceable and orderly manner, shall ever be molested on account of his mode of worship or religious sentiments, in the said territory.
Page 64 - Both read the same Bible and pray to the same God, and each invokes His aid against the other. It may seem strange that any men should dare to ask a just God's assistance in wringing their bread from the sweat of other men's faces, but let us judge not, that we be not judged.
Page 65 - With malice toward none, with charity for all, with firmness in the right as God gives us to see the right, let us finish the work we are in, to bind up the nation's wounds, to care for him who shall have borne the battle, and for his widow and his orphans, to do all which may achieve and cherish a just and a lasting peace among ourselves and with all nations.
Page 65 - Now we are engaged in a great civil war testing whether that nation, or any nation so conceived and so dedicated, can long endure. We are met on a great battlefield of that war. We have come to dedicate a portion of that field as a final resting-place for those who here gave their lives that that nation might live. It is altogether fitting and proper that we should do this.
Page 29 - Believing with you that religion is a matter which lies solely between man and his God, that he owes account to none other for his faith or his worship, that the legislative powers of government reach actions only, and not opinions, I contemplate with sovereign reverence that act of the whole American people which declared that their legislature should " make no law respecting an establishment of religion, or prohibiting the free exercise thereof," thus building a wall of separation between church...
Page 63 - No people can be bound to acknowledge and adore the invisible hand which conducts the affairs of men more than the people of the United States. Every step by which they have advanced to the character of an independent nation seems to have been distinguished by some token of providential agency...
Page 124 - I therefore beg to move that henceforth prayers, imploring the assistance of heaven and its blessings on our deliberations, be held in this assembly every morning before we proceed to business, and that one or more of the clergy of this city be requested to officiate in that sen-ice.
Page 70 - Navy, desires and enjoins the orderly observance of the Sabbath by the officers and men in the military and naval service. The importance for man and beast of the prescribed weekly rest, the sacred rights of Christian soldiers and sailors, a becoming deference to the best sentiment of a Christian people, and a due regard for the divine will demand that Sunday labor in the army and navy be reduced to the measure of strict necessity. The discipline and character of the national forces should not suffer...