Science as a Process: An Evolutionary Account of the Social and Conceptual Development of Science

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University of Chicago Press, May 15, 1990 - Science - 586 pages
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"Legend is overdue for replacement, and an adequate replacement must attend to the process of science as carefully as Hull has done. I share his vision of a serious account of the social and intellectual dynamics of science that will avoid both the rosy blur of Legend and the facile charms of relativism. . . . Because of [Hull's] deep concern with the ways in which research is actually done, Science as a Process begins an important project in the study of science. It is one of a distinguished series of books, which Hull himself edits."—Philip Kitcher, Nature

"In Science as a Process, [David Hull] argues that the tension between cooperation and competition is exactly what makes science so successful. . . . Hull takes an unusual approach to his subject. He applies the rules of evolution in nature to the evolution of science, arguing that the same kinds of forces responsible for shaping the rise and demise of species also act on the development of scientific ideas."—Natalie Angier, New York Times Book Review

"By far the most professional and thorough case in favour of an evolutionary philosophy of science ever to have been made. It contains excellent short histories of evolutionary biology and of systematics (the science of classifying living things); an important and original account of modern systematic controversy; a counter-attack against the philosophical critics of evolutionary philosophy; social-psychological evidence, collected by Hull himself, to show that science does have the character demanded by his philosophy; and a philosophical analysis of evolution which is general enough to apply to both biological and historical change."—Mark Ridley, Times Literary Supplement

"Hull is primarily interested in how social interactions within the scientific community can help or hinder the process by which new theories and techniques get accepted. . . . The claim that science is a process for selecting out the best new ideas is not a new one, but Hull tells us exactly how scientists go about it, and he is prepared to accept that at least to some extent, the social activities of the scientists promoting a new idea can affect its chances of being accepted."—Peter J. Bowler, Archives of Natural History

"I have been doing philosophy of science now for twenty-five years, and whilst I would never have claimed that I knew everything, I felt that I had a really good handle on the nature of science, Again and again, Hull was able to show me just how incomplete my understanding was. . . . Moreover, [Science as a Process] is one of the most compulsively readable books that I have ever encountered."—Michael Ruse, Biology and Philosophy

 

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Contents

Science Philosophy of Science and the Science of Science
3
Up from Darwin
35
Up from Aristotle
77
A Clash of Doctrines
113
Systematists at War
160
Down with DarwinismLong Live Darwinism
202
Down with CladismLong Live Cladism
234
The Need for a Mechanism
279
A Annual Meetings
525
B Presidents of the Society of Systematic Zoology
526
D MostCited papers in Systematic Zoology
527
E Founding Fellows of the Willi Hennig Society
528
F Citation Analysis of Leading Cladistic Texts
529
G Personality Profiles of R R Sokal G Nelson and G Ball
531
H Acceptance of Darwins Theory between 1859 and 1869
535
I Best Student Papers
536

Secrecy and Bias in Science
324
The Visible Hand
356
A General Analysis of Selection Processes
399
Science as a Selection Process
434
Conceptual Interaction
479
Conclusion
514
J Interviews
537
References
541
Name Index
577
Subject Index
586
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About the author (1990)

David L. Hull (1935-2010) was Dressler Professor in the Humanities Emeritus at Northwestern University and a leading philosopher of biological science. He received the first Ph.D. awarded by the History and Philosophy of Science department at Indiana University and then taught at the University of Wisconsin–Milwaukee for twenty years before moving to Northwestern. He was editor of the Science and Its Conceptual Foundations series from the University of Chicago Press.

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