Free and Unfree Labour: The Debate Continues

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Tom Brass, Marcel van der Linden
Peter Lang, 1997 - Business & Economics - 602 pages
Historically, capitalism has always integrated various forms of unfree labour, including chattel slavery, convict labour and debt bondage. Contrary to purported wisdom, these forms of exploitation have not disappeared during the twentieth century. Fascist and Stalinist dictatorships used forced labour on a massive scale, while unfree labour has been increasing in several parts of the world in recent years.
Labour historians have traditionally somewhat neglected the problem of coerced labour. Focusing on so-called «free» wage labourers, their living conditions, cultures and struggles, they implicitly supposed a more or less unilinear development from unfree to «free» labour to have taken place under the influence of emerging capitalism, gradually encompassing the globe.
The present collection of 24 essays attempts to rethink these issues. The volume is divided into two sections: the first deals with theories about unfree labour while the second consists of case studies examining its presence or absence in particular historical contexts in the «first», «second» and «third» world. The authors use various Marxist or neoclassical approaches and disagree on four substantive points: the market, labour scarcity, gender and state intervention. These crucial differences are explored and clarified. The debate continues.

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Contents

Acknowledgements
9
CASE STUDIES
11
Some Observations on Unfree Labour Capitalist Restructuring
57
Copyright

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About the author (1997)

The Contributors: Tom Brass, Jan Lucassen, André J. F. Köbben, Reinhart Kössler, Robert J. Steinfeld, Stanley L. Engerman, Karl Heinz Roth, Jonathan Grossman, Larian Angelo, Fred Krissman, Ralph Shlomowitz, Joan Casanovas, Lyman L. Johnson, José de Souza Martins, David McCreery, Mario Pastore, Marcel van der Linden, Marta Craveri, Wendy K. Olsen, Ian J. Kerr, Paul E. Baak, Raymond Markey, Doug Munro.
The Editors: Tom Brass (1946) is an Affiliated Lecturer in the Faculty of Social and Political Sciences at the University of Cambridge, and formerly Director of Studies in the Social and Political Sciences at Queen's College, Cambridge. He is an editor of the Journal of Peasant Studies.
Marcel van der Linden (1952) is Senior Research Fellow at the Internationaal Instituut voor Sociale Geschiedenis, Amsterdam, Professor of Social Movement History, Amsterdam University, and Executive Editor of the International Review of Social History.

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