Crystallography: A Very Short Introduction
Crystals have fascinated us for centuries with their beauty and symmetry, and have often been invested with magical powers. The use of X-ray diffraction, first pioneered in 1912 by father and son William and Lawrence Bragg, enabled us to probe the structure of molecules, and heralded the scientific study of crystals, leading to an understanding of their atomic arrangements at a fundamental level. The new discipline, called X-ray crystallography, has subsequently evolved into a formidable science that underpins many other scientific areas. Starting from the determination of the structures of very simple crystals, such as that of common salt, today it has become almost routine to determine the positions of tens of thousands of atoms in a crystal.
In this Very Short Introduction Mike Glazer shows how the discoveries in crystallography have been applied to the creation of new and important materials, to drugs and pharmaceuticals and to our understanding of genetics, cell biology, proteins, and viruses. Tracing the history of crystallography, he analyses astonishing developments in new sources of X-rays, as well as of neutrons, and in electron microscopy, and considers the impact they have on the study of crystals today.
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Book Reviews for Crystallography: a very short introduction, by A. M. Glazer
This book provides a brief introduction to crystallography, a subject which can be concisely defined, in words of the author, as ‘the science of crystals’. Topics in crystallography include studies of crystal structures of real materials, mathematical methods for describing such structures and experimental techniques for measuring characteristic properties of crystalline materials. As emphasised by the author, crystallography has made a profound impact on science and society, witnessed by many Nobel Prizes, and thus it merits categorisation as a scientific discipline worthy of standing alone. Other academic fields that have benefited strongly from crystallography include condensed matter physics (including solid-state physics and electronics), materials science, chemistry, biology, biochemistry and medicine. Crystallography has also served as the impetus or basis for numerous theoretical developments in mathematics and mathematical physics.