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according activity admit applied basis become capital character civilization claim common conduct consideration consumer consumption convenient cost course demand desire direct directly distinctively distribution duty economic economists effective effort energy essential existence facts forces forms give given growing higher human implies important increase individual industrial intellectual interest involves knowledge labour land larger less limits living material matter means measure merely method moral motive natural necessary needs objective operation organic particular physical Political Economy population possible practical present problem progress quantity reason recognize reform regarded relations satisfaction secure sense separate Social Question social utility society standard supply things tion trade true wages wants waste wealth whole workers
Page 160 - The only trades which it seems possible for a joint stock company to carry on successfully without an exclusive privilege are those of which all the operations are capable of being reduced to what is called a Routine, or to such a uniformity of method as admits of little or no variation.
Page 40 - It is vain to speak of the higher authority of a unified social science. No doubt if that existed Economics would gladly find shelter under its wing. But it does not exist; it shows no signs of coming into existence. There is no use in waiting idly for it ; we must do what we can with our present resources.
Page 217 - Now I re-examine philosophies and religions, They may prove well in lecture-rooms, yet not prove at all under the spacious clouds and along the landscape and flowing currents.
Page 54 - It may be objected that the higher motives are so different in quality from the lower, that the one cannot be weighed against the other. There is some validity in this objection. The pain which it would cause an earnest and good man to do deliberately a wrong action, is so great that no pleasure can compensate for it; it cannot be weighed or measured.
Page 123 - This value has been given either by personal labour, or by labour paid for, or by ancestral labour; or else the value given to it in such ways has been purchased by legitimately earned money. / All this value artificially given vests in existing owners, and cannot without a gigantic robbery be taken from them.
Page 123 - ... theoretical form ; we must admit that all which can be claimed for the community is the surface of the country in its original unsubdued state. To all that value given to it by clearing, breaking-up, prolonged culture, fencing, draining, making roads, farm buildings, &c., constituting nearly all its value, the community has no claim.
Page 216 - Thus, with misspent scrupulosity, he squanders his labor on vain trifles, counting every bit of knowledge worth the pains it has cost, because he owns no standard of economy. Man is the measure of all things, and the specialist who has made himself less than a man can measure nothing.
Page 233 - I can do nothing with my income but buy more land, build more houses, and lend money on mortgages." But before the excess goods can be invested they must be sold and turned into money. And there is no way of selling them. For the whole purchasing power of the community has been expended in returning to the owners the entire cost of production in exchange for a portion of the product.
Page 49 - ... it may often be convenient to pursue this course; but do not let us deceive ourselves into believing that we are investigating all the fact and excluding something which is not fact. This is only another instance of the protean fallacy of individualism, which feigns the existence of separate individuals by abstracting and neglecting the social relations which belong to them and make them what they are.