Roots of Creole Structures: Weighing the Contribution of Substrates and Superstrates

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Susanne Michaelis
John Benjamins Publishing, 2008 - Language Arts & Disciplines - 425 pages
This book reflects an ongoing shift in the study of contact languages: After a period of history-free universalism, it directs the attention to the individual historical circumstances under which the pidgin and creole languages arose. The contributions deal with different areas of language structure including phonology, morphology, and syntax, providing a wealth of structural and sociohistorical data that any comprehensive theory of contact languages will have to account for. Each of the papers provides a thorough description of a structural phenomenon against the background of the sociohistorical contact situation. The languages covered in the book are: Guiné-Bissau Creole, Haitian Creole, Hawai'i Creole, Indo-Portuguese creoles, Jamaican Creole, Lingua Franca, North American French, Mauritian Creole, Santomense, Saramaccan, Seychelles Creole, Sranan, Surinamese Maroon creoles, Vincentian Creole, and Zamboangueño Chavacano.

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The problem of multiple substrates
The superstrate is not always the lexifier
In praise of the cafeteria principle
Tense marking and inflectional morphology in IndoPortuguese creoles
Vowel epenthesis and creole syllable structure
The origin of the Portuguese words in Saramaccan
Encoding path in Mauritian Creole and Bhojpuri
On the principled nature of the respective contributions of substrate and superstrate languages to a creoles lexicon
Zamboangue o Chavacano and the potentive mode
Between contact and internal development
The formation of deverbal nouns in Vincentian Creole
A la recherche du superstrat
Personal name index
Language index
Places and Peoples index
Subject index

Valency patterns in Seychelles Creole
A first step towards the analysis of tone in Santomense
Balanta GuinéBissau Creole Portuguese and Portuguese
The series Creole Language Library

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