Bulletin, Issue 1

Front Cover
The Survey, 1903 - Geology
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Page vii - THE SURVEY IN ITS RELATIONS TO THE PUBLIC. The usefulness of the Survey is not limited to the preparation of formal reports on important topics. There is a constant and insistent desire on the part of the people to use it as a technical bureau for free advice in all matters affecting the geology or mineral industries of the State. A very considerable correspondence coines in, increasing rather than decreasing in amount, and asking specific and particular questions on points in local geology.
Page ii - Vol. 86, p. 262. (Senate Bill 409.) AN ACT To Provide for the Extension of the Geological Survey of the State. Section 1. Be it enacted by the General Assembly of the State of Ohio, That the governor is hereby authorized to appoint a state geologist, whose duty it shall be to continue and extend the investigations already made into the geological structure and resources of the state.
Page vii - Requests for identification of minerals and fossils. — This is done, where possible.. As a rule, the minerals and fossils are simple and familiar forms, which can be answered at once. In occasional cases, a critical knowledge is required and time for investigation is necessary. Each assistant is expected to co-operate with the State Geologist in answering inquiries concerning his field.
Page vii - Requests for information covered by previous publications. — This is furnished where the time required for copying the answer is not too large. Where the portion desired cannot be copied, the enquirer is told in what volume and page it occurs and advised how to proceed to get access to a copy of the report.
Page 146 - Oil," and besides is subject to such tremendous explosions of gas, as to force out all the water, and afford nothing but gas for several days, that they make but little or no salt. Nevertheless the petroleum affords considerable profit, and is beginning to be in demand for lamps, in workshops and manufactories. It affords a clear, brisk light when burnt this way, and will be a valuable article for lighting the street lamps in the future cities of Ohio.
Page ii - ... same, from time to time, upon properly constructed maps and diagrams; to study the modes of occurrence and the distribution of the useful minerals and products of these formations; to determine the chemical composition and structure of the same; to investigate the soils and water supply of the state; and to give attention to the discoveries of coal, building stone, natural cement, petroleum, gas and other natural substances of use and value to the state.
Page ii - ... occur from any cause, at any time. The compensation of said state geologist shall be at the rate of two hundred dollars per month, for the time actually employed ; and said geologist shall have power to employ such assistants as he may need; but in no event shall the salary of the geologist, pay of assistants, and expense of the department, exceed the amount of the expenditure authorized by the general assembly. Section 2. It shall be the duty of said geologist to study, and determine as nearly...
Page 312 - My reasons for believing that oil and gas have arisen in this way may be summarized as follows : "1. Bacteria produce just these decompositions when acting in the absence of air. "2. Bacteria were present in the formations along with other organic matter. "3. Bacteria are the only agents known which can produce such decompositions except heat. "4. The action of heat (in the Ohio fields at least) is excluded by geologic evidence..
Page ii - Said state geologist shall be appointed for a term of three years, but he may be removed for cause at any time, and a successor appointed in his stead; and the governor is authorized to fill any vacancy which may occur from any cause, at any time. The compensation of said state geologist shall be at the rate of two hundred dollars per month, for the time actually employed; and said geologist shall have power to employ such assistants as he may need; but in no event shall the salary of the geologist,...

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