The Iconography and Ritual of Siva at Elephanta: On Life, Illumination, and Being
The beautiful rock-cut Siva temple on Elephanta Island in Bombay Harbor is one of the finest monuments of Indian religion and art. Until now, interpretation of its magnificent sculptured scenes has been neglected.
In this book, Collins systematically surveys the pertinent Vedic, Epic, and early Puranic literature as well as the contributions of India's foremost poet and dramatist, Kalidasa, to reveal sources for and interpretations of the subjects of the relief sculptures. This survey shows strong associations with areas formerly controlled by the classical Gupta dynasty in northern India. This book provides the first detailing of this link, intimated by others before, which helps to explain the grandeur of style found in the colossal reliefs.
By applying certain aspects of ritual texts of the Lakulisa-Pasupata, the sect that probably used Elephanta originally, exceptional clarity is revealed for the worship of the sculptures in a counterclockwise sequence, quite unusual in India, but appropriate to this particular sect. Lakulisa-Pasupata texts are invoked in Collins' theory of how the cave-temple at Elephanta was used. This area of investigation has been virtually untouched by other scholars for any early Hindu shrine in India.
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Aghora Aihole AIIS Ajanta Andhaka appears arms Banerjea Bhagiratha Bombay Brahma Buddhist Burgess bust Canto Cave 29 cave-temple Chakraborti Chap Chapter circumambulation cited coins commentary Courtesy deity Delhi demon devotee Elephanta Island Elephanta relief Ellora Cave face ﬁfth ﬁgure ﬁrst ﬁve ﬂanked form of Siva Ganga Ganguli and Roy goddess guardian Gupta half-female Hara Hindu Iconography identiﬁed image of Siva India inscription Kailasa Kalacuris Kalidasa Karma Karttikeya king Kramrisch Lakulis'a Lihga Linga lord lotus Mahabharata Mahadeva Mahadeva image Mandasor Marriage of Siva Matrkas Matsya Purana mentioned Mirashi notes panel Parva Parvati Pas'upata proper left Ramayana Ravana reference relate relief at Elephanta Reprint ritual Rudra Sadyojata Saiva SamalajT Sastri sect Shah shrine side Siva Siva and Parvati Siva dancing Siva Mahadeva Siva slaying Andhaka Siva’s Skanda sources Spink Tatpurusa temple tion trans Udayagiri Varanasi Visnu Visnudharmottara worship yoga