On the Origin of Universities and Academical Degrees

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J. Taylor, 1835 - Degrees, Academic - 173 pages
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Page 42 - ... the Church was establishing its theocratic and monastic form. At this epoch, a serious struggle for the first time broke out between the clergy and the advocates of free inquiry. The quarrels of Abelard and St. Bernard, the councils of Soissons and Sens, at which Abelard was condemned...
Page 13 - In the language of the civil law all corporations "were called universitates, as forming one whole out of many individuals." In the German jurisconsults universitas is the word for a corporate town. In Italy it was applied to the incorporated trades in the cities. In ecclesiastical language, the term was sometimes applied to a number of churches united under the superintendence of one archdeacon. In a papal rescript of the year 688, it is used of the body of canons of the church of Pisa.
Page 172 - But if we were to imagine a university, in which the ordinary discipline, and the details inseparable from the business of education, should be entrusted to the body of professors; in which they should be entitled to tender their advice upon the election to vacant chairs, the institution of new professorships, and other graver matters, but without a final voice; in which all financial business, and the supreme government of the university, and the administration of its patronage, should be committed...
Page 92 - It is said that Joffred, Abbot of Croyland in 1109, successor of Ingulphus, ' sent over to his manor of Cotenham nigh Cambridge, Gislebert, his fellow monk and professor of divinity, and three other monks, who followed him into England (from Orleans). From Cotenham they daily repaired to Cambridge. There they hired a public barn, made open profession of their sciences, and, in a little time, drew a number of scholars together. In less than two years...
Page 97 - ... fifteenth of Henry III., or 1231. Others say, however, that this is a mistake, and that Henry only sent a royal letter, directing that lodgings for the students should be valued according to the custom of the university, by two masters and two townsmen. The first formal charter which is extant was granted by Edward I. in the twentieth year of his reign. Some important privileges were granted to the university by Edward III. in 1333, in consequence of which such jealousy was created among the...

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