American Environmental History: An Introduction

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Columbia University Press, 2007 - Political Science - 480 pages
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By studying the many ways diverse peoples have changed, shaped, and conserved the natural world over time, environmental historians provide insight into humanity's unique relationship with nature and, more importantly, are better able to understand the origins of our current environmental crisis. Beginning with the precolonial land-use practice of Native Americans and concluding with our twenty-first century concerns over our global ecological crisis, American Environmental History addresses contentious issues such as the preservation of the wilderness, the expulsion of native peoples from national parks, and population growth, and considers the formative forces of gender, race, and class. Entries address a range of topics, from the impact of rice cultivation, slavery, and the growth of the automobile suburb to the effects of the Russian sea otter trade, Columbia River salmon fisheries, the environmental justice movement, and globalization. This illustrated reference is an essential companion for students interested in the ongoing transformation of the American landscape and the conflicts over its resources and conservation. It makes rich use of the tools and resources (climatic and geological data, court records, archaeological digs, and the writings of naturalists) that environmental historians rely on to conduct their research. The volume also includes a compendium of significant people, concepts, events, agencies, and legislation, and an extensive bibliography of critical films, books, and Web sites.

 

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Contents

The New England Wilderness Transformed 16001850
24
Nature and the Market Economy 17501850
62
The Settlement of the Pacific Coast and
85
American Environmental History A to ZAgencies Concepts Laws and People
211
ChronologyAn Environmental History Timeline
267
Resource Guide
289
Films and Videos
291
Electronic Resources
315
African Americans and the Environment
353
American Indian Land Use
356
American Indian Religion
364
Asian Americans and the Environment
368
Environmental Philosophy and Landscape Perception
370
The Environmental Movement
378
The History of Ecology
382
The History of Environmental Science
384

Environmental History Societies and Related Associations
316
Archival Materials
317
Biographical Resources
318
Environmental Organizations and Information Centers
319
Environmental Philosophy and Ethics
320
Natural History
321
Regional Resources
322
Teaching Resources
323
Course Syllabi in American Environmental History
324
Historical Overview Web Sites
325
Bibliographical Essay
331
Bibliography
343
Anthologies and Bibliographies
345
Biographies and Autobiographical Writings
347
Conservation History and Legislation
386
Agricultural History
392
Forest History
400
Mining History
415
Pollution
419
Range History
423
Religion and Environment
426
Urban Environments
428
Water and Irrigation History
434
Wilderness Preservation
443
Wildlife
449
Women and Environment
457
Index
461
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About the author (2007)

Carolyn Merchant is the Chancellor's Professor of Environmental History, Philosophy, and Ethics at the University of California, Berkeley. She is the author of several books, including Reinventing Eden: The Fate of Nature in Western Culture and The Death of Nature, and is a past president of the American Society for Environmental History.

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