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abrogation alba anatomical animals appear Arch body brain callosal callosal gyre callosum cells central organ centromotor cerebellar cerebellum cerebral cortex cerebrum chemical cinerea complex conduction paths conduction-paths connexion contraction cornu cortical course decussation dendrites diencephalon direction disgregation dorsal effects elements excitation excitatory experiments external fact faculty fibres Figg fissure fornix frontal functions ganglia ganglion grey gyre hemispheres hippocampal inhibition inhibitory innervation lateral lateral stria lobe localisation longitudinal mammals mechanical mediated mental mesencephalon molecular motor movements muscle muscular myel myelinic nerve nerve-cells nerve-fibres nervous system neurite neurone nidi oblongata observed occipital occipital lobe olfactory optic origin paracele phenomena Physiol physiological pons portion posterior principal processes prosencephalon psychical psychology pyramidal pyramidal cells quadrigemina Ramon y Cajal reflex region relations result retina sensations sense sensory side stimulation structure surface Sylvian Sylvian aqueduct Sylvian fissure symptoms termed terminal thalami tion transverse ventral columns vertebrates
Page 2 - We may read this meaning into the phrase "physiological psychology," just as we 'might interpret "microscopical anatomy " to mean a discussion, with illustrations from anatomy, of what has been accomplished by the microscope; but the words should be no more misleading in the one case than they are in the other. As employed in the present work, the adjective " physiological " implies simply that our psychology will avail itself to the full of the means that modern physiology puts at its disposal for...
Page 3 - Psychology has adapted physiological, as physiology adapted physical methods, to its own ends. (2) An adequate definition of life, taken in the wider sense, must (as we said just now) cover both the vital processes of the physical organism and the processes of consciousness. Hence, wherever we meet with vital phenomena that present the two aspects, physical and psychical, there naturally arises a question as to the relations in which these aspects stand to each other. So we come face to face with...
Page 2 - ... or implicitly, as an indispensable auxiliary of physiological investigation. Psychologists, it is true, have been apt to take a different attitude towards physiology. They have tended to regard as superfluous any reference to the physical organism; they have supposed that nothing more is required for a science of mind than the direct apprehension of conscious processes themselves. It is in token of dissent from any such standpoint that the present work is entitled a
Page 3 - exact science of the functional relations or relations of dependency between body and mind." It would not be fair to say that the book burst upon a sleeping world. Fechner was not popular. Nanna, Zend-Avesta and similar writings had caused the scientists to look askance at him, and he was never accepted as a philosopher. No one suspected at the time what importance the book would come to have.
Page 1 - ... inner" experience, the events of our own consciousness. On the contrary: just as one and the same thing, eg, a tree that I perceive before me, falls as external object within the scope of natural science, and as conscious contents within that of psychology, so there are many phenomena of the physical life that are uniformly connected with conscious processes, while these in turn are always bound up with processes in the living body. It is a matter of every-day experience that we refer certain...
Page 3 - ... qualified to assist psychology on the side of method; thus rendering the same help to psychology that it itself received from physics. In so far as physiological psychology receives assistance from physiology in the elaboration of experimental methods, it may be termed experimental psychology. This name suggests, what should not be forgotten that psychology, in adopting the experimental methods of physiology, does not by any means take them over as they are, and apply them without change to a...
Page 137 - ... (sulcus callosomarginalis : C Fig. 53). In the same way, the olfactory lobe or olfactory gyre at the base of the prosencephalon is almost always set off by an inner and an outer fissure, the entorhinal and ectorhinal fissures ; though in the human brain the two have fused to one (sr Fig. 52, p. 125). FIG. 62. Lateral aspect of brain of human foetus (7 months). Mo Oblongata. C Cerebellum. S Sylvian fissure. s| Anterior, s2 posterior ramus. K Operculum. R Central fissure (fissure of Rolando). F...
Page 2 - ... that properly belong to psychology, — although it has often been hampered in its use of them by the defects of the empirical or metaphysical psychology which it has found current. Physiological psychology is, therefore, first of all psychology. It has in view the same principal object upon which all other forms of psychological ..\ | exposition are directed : the investigation of conscious processes in the modes of connexion peculiar to them. It is not a province of physiology ; nor does it...
Page 5 - We may add that, fortunately for the science, there are other sources of objective psychological knowledge, which become accessible at the very point where the experimental method fails us.
Page 5 - Now it is obvious that the required independence does not obtain in any attempt at a direct self-observation, undertaken without the help of experiment. The endeavour to observe oneself must inevitably introduce changes into the course of mental events, — changes which could not have occurred without it, and whose usual consequence is that the very process which was to have been observed disappears from consciousness. The psychological experiment proceeds very differently. In the first place, it...