The Indian Ideology
Today, the Indian state claims to embody the values of a stable political democracy, a harmonious territorial unity, and a steadfast religious impartiality. Even many of those critical of the inequalities of Indian society underwrite such claims.
The Indian Ideology suggests that the roots of the current ills of the Republic go much deeper, historically. They lie, in the way the struggle for independence culminated in the transfer of power from British rule to Congress in a divided subcontinent, not least in the roles played by Gandhi as the great architect of the movement, and Nehru as his appointed successor, in the catastrophe of Partition. Only an honest reckoning with that disaster, Perry Anderson argues, offers an understanding of what has gone wrong with the Republic since Independence.
The “Idea of India,” widely diffused not only in the official establishment, but more broadly in mainstream intellectual life, side-steps or suppresses many of these uncomfortable realities, past and present. For its own reasons, much of the left has yet to challenge the upshot: what has come to be the neo-Nehruvian consensus of the time. The Indian Ideology, revisiting the events of over a century in the light of how millions of Indians fare in the Republic today, suggests another way of looking at the country.
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Abdullah Aksai Chin Amartya Sen Ambedkar Argumentative Indian Badshah Khan become Bengal Bose Britain British rule campaign caste cent century China civil claim coalition colonial Communist confessional Congress High Command Constitution critical cultural CWMG dalits Delhi democratic Discovery of India elections electoral elite Empire faith force Gandhi Hind Swaraj Hindu Hinduism Hindutva idea of India imperial independence Indian Army Indian democracy Indian Ideology Indian National intellectual Jammu Jinnah Kashmir later leader less liberal Lok Sabha London Maharajah mass McMahon Line Menon military million Modern India Mountbatten Muslim League Muslim majority Naga national movement nationalist never Non-Cooperation North-West Frontier NREGA official once outlook Pakistan party Patel police political popular population Pratap Bhanu Mehta Prime Minister province Punjab Ramachandra Guha regime region religion religious repression rulers secular Sikh social society Srinagar struggle subcontinent territory tion truth Union unity Untouchables Viceroy vote