Total Nutrition: Feeding Animals for Health and Growth
In many countries there is now great resistance to the widespread use of antibiotic growth promoters and of other pharmaceutical products in raising animals for food. Unfortunately, there is frequently little appreciation by the population at large and by the media, of the challenges this poses to the production of large volumes of low cost food of animal origin. The concept of 'Total Nutrition', outlined here, may help to meet these challenges where health maintenance, disease avoidance and general nutrition are seen as requirements of animal diets today. This requires the consideration of both the nutrient levels of feeds and of the other bio-active components, known as nutricines. Initial results suggest that by judicious use of a range of nutricines, it will be possible to achieve both good health status of animals and good growth performance using feed formulations and ingredients that satisfy modern legislative and consumer demands.
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Animal Production Food Safety
Feed Quality and Hygiene
Voluntary Feed Intake
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absorption activity acute phase proteins aflatoxin amino acids amount animal feeds animal health animal nutrition animal origin animal production Animal Science antibiotics antibodies antigens antioxidant bacteria blood body bone broilers calcium Campylobacter carbohydrates carotenoids cells cereals chicks components consumed contamination cytokines dietary diets digestion effect efficiency energy environment environmental enzymes excreted feed formulations feed ingredients feed intake feed raw materials fermentation fibre food safety function gastrointestinal tract glutathione immune response immune system important improve increased infection influence Journal lactic large intestine levels lipid major meat metabolism micro-organisms microbial microflora molecules monogastric animals moulds mycotoxins nitrogen non-digestible nutrients nutrients and nutricines ochratoxin oligosaccharides organic acids oxidative stress oxidised pathogens peptides performance phosphorus phytase phytic acid piglets pigs Poultry Science probiotic problems propionic require resistant starch role rumen ruminants Salmonella small intestine species status tissues Total Nutrition utilization vaccines various viruses vitamin zinc