In this important study, Carl James reviews the role that contrastive analysis can play in understanding and solving problems in second or foreign language learning and teaching. Using both psycholinguistic and linguistic analysis, he establishes a sound theoretical basis for CA before going on to illustrate its contribution to the study of linguistic universals, bilingualism, and language pedagogy. The book offers a range of examples to support its arguments, enabling readers to grasp the principles and then to pursue their own work in this area.
Contrastive Analysis presents a successful theoretical and practical case for the value of CA as a research tool, both for those studying applied linguistics and for teachers needing to adjust their teaching to the state of knowledge of their students.
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acts analysis applied applied linguistics approach basis called Chapter choice claim clause communication comparison components concerned consider constructions context contrastive contrastivist conversation corresponding course deep structure determined devices difficulty distinction English equate equivalent errors example explain fact formal four French function further German given grammar identify identity interest interference interlingual involves John kind knowledge L1 and L2 language later learner learning lexical means native nature noun object observed occur pairs particular performance phonemes phonological position possible practice predict present problems produce psychological question realisations reason refer relationship relative rule Russian scale seems selected semantic sense sentences similar sounds speaker specify speech statements suggested task teaching theoretical theory transfer transformations translation types universal utterances verb