Uses and Abuses of Plant-Derived Smoke: Its Ethnobotany as Hallucinogen, Perfume, Incense, and Medicine
Oxford University Press, Jul 23, 2010 - Science - 264 pages
Plants provide the food, shelter, medicines, and biomass that underlie sustainable life. One of the earliest and often overlooked uses of plants is the production of smoke, dating to the time of early hominid species. Plant-derived smoke has had an enormous socio-economic impact throughout human history, being burned for medicinal and recreational purposes, magico-religious ceremonies, pest control, food preservation, and flavoring, perfumes, and incense. This illustrated global compendium documents and describes approximately 2,000 global uses for over 1,400 plant species. The Uses and Abuses of Plant-Derived Smoke is accessibly written and provides a wealth of information on human uses for smoke. Divided into nine main categories of use, the compendium lists plant-derived smoke's medicinal, historical, ceremonial, ritual and recreational uses. Plant use in the production of incense and to preserve and flavor foods and beverages is also included. Each entry includes full binomial names and family, an identification of the person who named the plant, as well as numerous references to other scholarly texts. Of particular interest will be plants such as Tobacco (Nicotiana tabaccum), Boswellia spp (frankincense), and Datura stramonium (smoked as a treatment for asthma all over the world), all of which are described in great detail.
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Acacia Anacardiaceae Apiaceae Asteraceae asthma bark Borana Brenzinger 1988 Breyer-Brandwijk 1962 Bulamogi Bulamogi County burned as incense burned for incense burned the leaves burned to produce burning leaves Burseraceae ceremonies Commiphora Cupressaceae dried leaves Engl Ethiopia Ethnobotany Euphorbiaceae Fabaceae flavor fumigant Gabbra Heine and Brenzinger incense incense purposes India inhaled the smoke inhaled to treat insects Juniperus Kenya Krochmal Lamiaceae Lauraceae leaves were smoked Lewis and Elvin-Lewis Manandhar 2002 Marsabit District medicinal plants Mexico mixed Mohagheghzadeh myrrh Native Americans Nepal North America North America burned North America smoked Ojibwa Ojibwa of North Pinaceae plant was burned plant-derived smoke Poaceae produce smoke produced by burning relieve asthma repel mosquitoes resin Schultes seeds Smith smoke from burning smoke of burning smoke produced smoked the leaves smoked to relieve smoked to treat Solanaceae South Africa species were burned Tabuti Thymelaeaceae tobacco Nicotiana spp tree tribes Uphof Verbenaceae Watt and Breyer-Brandwijk Willd