Democracy Indian Style: Subhas Chandra Bose and the Creation of India's Political Culture
As a nation India is very old. It had deep roots in its pre-colonial history, but it is also a product of Western-style democracy, which has shaped and even created the nation. "Democracy Indian Style" focuses on the Indian factors underlying its successful democracy by describing and analyzing the life of Subhas Chandra Bose, who competed with Nehru for the role of Gandhi's heir, and his impact on India before and after Independence. The book is balanced between chapters that explain Bose's life and career and those that describe and analyze the Indian political system. It explains India's stable democracy as a mixture of British and American patterns--Westminster parliamentary rule plus federalism--and a specific set of power-sharing arrangements among religions, linguistic groups, and castes. India fulfills all the criteria the traditional understanding of pluralistic democracy implies. Basic freedoms are guaranteed, despite the temptation during Indira Gandhi's "emergency" rule to follow the path of authoritarian development. Precisely because India, after Pakistan's separation, did not become "Hindustan" but stayed on track as a secular, pluralistic democracy, it became the most prominent challenge to the traditional wisdom of comparative politics. "Democracy Indian Style" gives one answer to the Indian enigma of how democracy succeeds by describing the working of the Indian constitution, the weaknesses of the party system, and the specifics of Indian elections. The focus on Bose provides the second explanation. The author describes Bose's rise to the leadership of the Indian National Congress in the 1930s, his attempt to combine an economic leftist outlook with an extremely pragmatic foreign policy, his failure to get serious help from Nazi Germany, his success with the Japanese war lords--and his tragic end in August 1945. "Democracy Indian Style" is a timely exploration of the roots of Indian democracy, and will be of interest to political scientists, historians, and students of India.
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The Rise of a Nationalist
The Roots of Modern India
Interlude in Vienna
Constitution Parliament Federalism
Gandhis Friend and Foe
No PartiesOr Too Many Parties?
Ahuja all-Indian alliance Allies army autonomy Axis powers Berlin Bose’s Britain British government British India Burma C. R. Das Calcutta China Churchill colonial rule conflict Congress Party constitution contradiction Dalits declaration democratic elections ethnic Europe European exile government fact Fascism federal foreign policy Gandhi and Nehru German goal Gordon gress hegemony Hindi Hindus Hitler Indian democracy Indian independence movement Indian Legion Indian National Indian political Indira Gandhi integration interests Janata Japan Japanese Jinnah Kashmir language leader leadership Left wing liberal linguistic Lok Sabha Mahatma majority ment military minority Muslim League Mussolini National Congress nationalist Nazi Office Pakistan Parliament particularly partner policy on India political culture political system position president primarily prime minister prison Punjab regional parties represented role Sahgal Sarat Sareen secularism Sikhs social socialist Soviet Union strategy Subhas Chandra Bose Swaraj Party Tamil tion tradition United Vajpayee Valera Vienna vis-à-vis Wolpert