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12 inches abutment amount angle arch rib assumed beam blocks bottom brick bridge building caisson cent center of gravity center of pressure cinder Civil Engineers cofferdam column compression computed condition of loading considered constructed cost crete crushing cubic foot cubic yard culvert depth designed determined diameter distance draw elastic limit elasticity equal Equation extrados factor of safety floor force diagram forms foundation girders greater hoisting horizontal I-beams inch square inches thick intersection intrados J-inch joint lime line of pressure live load load line masonry material method mixed mixer mixture modulus of elasticity mortar moulded neutral axis parallel pier piles placed Portland cement pounds per square proportion reinforced concrete reinforced-concrete resistance resultant retaining wall sand shear shown in Fig side slab soil span square foot square inch stress structure subsoil summation surface temperature tension tests transverse unit-pressure usually vertical voussoir weight width
Page 35 - The minimum requirements for tensile strength for briquettes one inch square in section, shall be within the following limits, and shall show no retrogression in strength within the periods specified: NEAT CEMENT Age Strength 24 hours in moist air 150-200 Ibs.
Page 31 - A moist closet consists of a soapstone or slate box, or a metallined wooden box: the metal lining being covered with felt and this felt kept wet. The bottom of the box is so constructed as to hold water, and the sides are provided with cleats for holding glass shelves on which to place the briquettes. Care should be taken to keep the air in the closet uniformly moist.
Page 401 - Since the product of the means equals the product of the extremes, we find that (gc + af) X be = ed X a'f'g'c'; but \ (gc + af) X be = the combined area of the two triangles, and therefore the line a'f'g'c...
Page 34 - This term is applied to the finely pulverized product resulting from the calcination to incipient fusion of an intimate mixture of properly proportioned argillaceous and calcareous materials, and to which no addition greater than 3 per cent has been made subsequent to calcination.
Page 451 - REVIEW QUESTIONS. PRACTICAL TEST QUESTIONS. In the foregoing sections of this Cyclopedia numerous illustrative examples are worked out in detail in order to show the application of the various methods and principles. Accompanying these are examples for practice which will aid the reader in fixing the principles in mind. In the following pages are given a large number of test questions and problems which afford a valuable means of testing the reader's knowledge of the subjects treated.
Page 29 - ... 2. The sample shall be a fair average of the contents of the package; it is recommended that, where conditions permit, one barrel in every ten be sampled. 3. All samples should be passed through a sieve having twenty meshes per linear inch, in order to break up lumps and remove foreign material; this is also a very effective method for mixing them together in order to obtain an average. For determining the characteristics of a shipment of cement, the individual samples may be mixed and the average...
Page 33 - A third pat is exposed in any convenient way in an atmosphere of steam, above boiling water, in a loosely closed vessel for five hours. 23. These pats, to satisfactorily pass the requirements, shall remain firm and hard, and show no signs of distortion, checking, cracking, or disintegrating.
Page 35 - It shall leave by weight a residue of not more than 8 per cent on the No. 100, and not more than 25 per cent on the No. 200 sieve.
Page 29 - F.) and cooled to the temperature of the liquid, is gradually introduced through the funnel (B) [the stem of which extends into the flask to the top of the bulb (C) ] , until the upper mark (F) is reached.