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Amphitherium animal antlers Aurochs Beaver belonged bones breadth British Buckland canine carnivorous cavern character Clacton clay condyle convex corresponding crag cranium crown Cuvier Deer dentine deposits Didelphys differs discovered distinct drift Elephant enamel eocene Equus Essex evidence existing species extinct species fangs feet Felis figured fissure formation fossil fossil remains fragment fresh-water genus Geological grinder grinding surface Hippopotamus horns humerus Hyaena inches incisors indicated Kent's Hole Kirkdale last molar length leptorhinus London clay Lophiodon lower jaw Lyell Machairodus Mammalia Mammoth marl marsupial Mastodon Mastodon angustidens Megaceros molar teeth Museum nasal Oreston Ossemens Fossiles outer Pachyderms Palaeothere plates pliocene portion posterior premolar present primigenius priscus proportion quadrupeds ramus Reliquiae Diluvianae resembles Rhinoceros Rhinoceros tichorhinus ridge side skeleton skull socket specimen Stonesfield strata symphysis tertiary Thylacine tooth transverse true molars tubercles tusks upper jaw upper molar Ursus Ursus spelaus vertebrae
Page 495 - Mightiest of all the beasts of chase, That roam in woody Caledon, Crashing the forest in his race, The mountain bull comes thundering on. Fierce, on the hunter's quiver'd band, He rolls his eyes of swarthy glow, Spurns, with black hoof and horn, the sand. And tosses high his mane of snow.
Page 199 - ... or marshes now dried up, or in the substance of beds of peat, or in the fissures and caverns of certain rocks, or at small depths below the present surface, in places where they may have been overwhelmed by debris, or even buried by man : And, although these bones are the most recent of all, they are almost always, owing to their superficial situation, the worst preserved.
Page iv - There is in the world no kind of knowledge, whereby any part of truth is seen, but we justly account it precious ; yea, that principal truth, in comparison whereof all other knowledge is vile, may receive from it some kind of light ; whether it be that Egyptian and Chaldean wisdom...
Page 265 - But we may readily believe that any one cognisant of the food of the elk, might be likely to have suspected cryptogamic vegetation to have entered more largely into the food of a still more northern species of the deer tribe. And I can by no means subscribe to another proposition by the same eminent naturalist, that 'the kind of food which the existing species of elephant prefers, will not enable us to determine, or even to offer a probable conjecture concerning that of the extinct species.
Page 141 - ... were found co-extensively with all the rest, even in the inmost and smallest recesses. " Scarcely a single bone has escaped fracture, with the exception of the astragalus and other hard and solid bones of the tarsus and carpus joints, and those of the feet.
Page 263 - Wild beasts, such as white bears, wolves, wolverenes, and foxes, also fed upon it, and the traces of their footsteps were seen around. The skeleton, almost entirely cleared of its flesh, remained whole, with the exception of one...
Page 259 - America, 66° N. lat. ; and they have been traced, but in scantier quantities, as far south as the states of Ohio, Kentucky, Missouri, and South Carolina. But no authentic relics of the Elephas primigenius have yet been discovered in tropical latitudes,}; or in any part of the southern hemisphere. It would thus appear that the primeval Elephants formerly ranged over the whole northern hemisphere of the globe, from the 40th to the 60th, and possibly to near the 70th degree of latitude. Here at least,...
Page 266 - ... of the dense enamel, the inference is plain that the ligneous fibre must have entered in a larger proportion into the food of such extinct species. Forests of hardy trees and shrubs still grow upon the frozen soil of Siberia, and skirt the banks of the Lena as far north as latitude 60°. In Europe, arboreal vegetation extends ten degrees nearer...
Page xxxix - Not a relic of an elephant, a rhinoceros, a hippopotamus, a bison, a hyaena, or a lagomys, has yet been detected in the caves or the more recent tertiary deposits of South America. On the contrary, most of the fossil Mammalia from those formations are as distinct from the Europrco-Asiatic forms as they are closely allied to the peculiarly South American existing genera of Mammalia.
Page 259 - Continent, as in England, in the superficial deposits of sand, gravel, and loam, which are strewed over all parts of Europe ; and they are found in still greater abundance in the same formations of Asia, especially in the higher latitudes, where the soil which forms their matrix is perennially frozen.* Remains of the mammoth have been found in great abundance in the cliffs of frozen mud on the east side of Behring's Straits, in Eschscholtz's Bay, in Russian America, lat.