The world's highway [a proposal to construct a railway running between Calcutta and London]. From the 'Calcutta review'.

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1856
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Page 52 - Lahore) would contribute materially to the interests of the countries traversed — that unless the present occasion be availed of, such another opportunity may not again be afforded for so favorable terms being obtained for Great Britain to secure that which is of so much real importance as a direct communication with her Indian possessions — and that a measure which shall secure the means of proceeding from London to and from all parts of India within a period of one week, and at a cost of less...
Page 33 - We must therefore forestall her revival, hurry forward the work, and rest satisfied that once complete, it will not be in mortal power again to destroy the connection between two great continents. When the first locomotive from Calcutta reaches Calais, the freedom of Europe from the Cossacks will have been secured. That these ideas have been accepted by the leading statesmen of Europe, we will now begin to prove. We quote from a private diary sufficient to prove the efforts which have been made to...
Page 8 - But the invention of the steamship as well as the steam engine had brought Europe dramatically closer to Asia, and from 1835 Thomas Waghorn's Overland Mail system was able to provide a quick connection between the steam packets with which it could link up in both the Mediterranean and the Red Sea.
Page 31 - ... Her only resource would be one of those convulsive despairing efforts which Austria is perhaps of all countries the one least competent to make. This great truth was fully appreciated in the beginning of the war, and sentences like those above penned were popularly attributed to Prince Metternich. Austria could never be otherwise than willing to protect Constantinople, and from the completion of this Railway the power of protection would rest in her own hands. The Railway complete, and Austria...
Page 48 - MY LORD : I have the honor to report to your lordship the arrival at this...
Page 55 - ... write Essays to prove that the sun shines ; and that fact is scarcely more selfevident than that the line whose route we have indicated -must be a paying speculation. The total length of the line from Belgrade to Bussorah, including the branch line from Bir to Scanderoon, is about nineteen hundred miles. The experience of the Continent and of the United States, and the experience now being acquired in India, all points to the same truth. Railways stripped of their English adjuncts, land and litigation,...
Page 30 - To the empire of Austria, the Railway can bring only profit. It secures the carrying traffic of which it has for centuries been desirous. Trieste is within three days' steam of Scanderoon, and when the line is complete within ten days' journey of Bombay. Such a communication would almost compensate for the absence of harbours 'and fleets which the House of Hapsburg has striven so long in vain to overcome. The offscourings of the trade of the East and the Levant make Trieste a port. What will the...
Page 32 - ... the disarmament of Russia in the Euxine could never afford the same perfect ground of confidence and reliance. That Russia will resist we cannot hesitate to believe. The wit of her statesmen is too keen, not to perceive at once the fatal obstacle such a Railway will present to her ambitious schemes. It is therefore doubly necessary to seize a time when her resistance will avail nothing, will be rather a sound and valid reason for proceeding rapidly with the undertaking. It is therefore now, at...
Page 47 - HE that hath wife and children hath given hostages to fortune ; for they are impediments to great enterprises, either of virtue or mischief. Certainly the best works, and of greatest merit for the public, have proceeded from the unmarried or childless men ; which both in affection and means have married and endowed the public.
Page 50 - Baron Rothschild, and to the Austrian Ministers, MM. Bach and de Briick, I am bound to acknowledge my obligations for their zealous exertions to promote a great national work, with the full value and effects of which they appeared sensibly impressed. " I have the honor to be, " My Lord, " Your Lordship's obedient and faithful servant, (Signed) " ROWLAND MACDONALD STEPHENSON.

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