Programming with Motif™

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Springer Science & Business Media, Oct 8, 1992 - Computers - 664 pages
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About this Book This book is a detailed introduction to programming with the OSF /MotifI'M graphical user interface. It is an introduction in that it does not require the reader to have experience programming in the X Window environment. It is detailed in that it teaches you how to use the interface components provided by Motif in a complex application. Although it contains a great deal of reference material, it is not meant as an authoritative reference - that is the job of the OSF/Motif Programmer's Reference, which uses over 900 pages in the process. Instead, this book provides its reference material in a practical, "how to" manner and allows the reader to use the Programmer's Reference effectively. The target reader is an experienced C programmer and user of the X Window System under the UNIX operating system. 'the reader should be familiar with the tools provided by UNIX for the compilation and testing of programs; while this book does examine the process by which a Motif program is compiled, it does not explain that process. It also assumes that the reader is familiar with "x" terms such as 'pointer' and 'display'.
 

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Contents

An Introduction To Motif Mechanism not Policy
1
Enter Motif
2
The Layers of X
3
The Widget What Is a Widget?
5
Widgets as Objects
7
Widget Instance Tree
10
Widget Resources What Are Resources?
11
Resource Tables
12
Find
314
Message Boxes
325
XmMessageBox
327
XmMessageBox Resources
328
XmMessageBox Convenience Functions
330
Cant Find Alert
331
Grabbing and Assigning Input Focus
334
Lists Overview
337

A Short Note on Resource Naming Conventions
13
Format of a Resource Specification
16
Sample Resource File
17
Setting Resources by Class
19
The Resource not Set
20
How Many Resource Files Could One Program Use?
21
Setting Resources from the Command Line
22
Setting Resources Programmatically
23
HardWiring Resource Values
25
Writing A Motif Program The Widget Data Type
27
A Program Template
32
Header Files
33
Compilation of a Motif Program
35
A Short Note About Program Size
36
What About Standard IO?
37
XmLabel Overview
39
XmLabel Resources
40
Hello World
42
Setting a Labels Font
44
The XmString Data Type
48
Setting labelString Programmatically
51
Using XmLabel with Pictures
53
Managers Overview
57
An Overview
58
Management Revisited
59
The unitType Resource
62
XmBulletinBoard
65
XmBulletinBoard Examples
68
XmRowColumn
73
XmRowColumn Examples
80
XmPanedWindow
87
Three Labels and a Paned Window
91
XmForm
92
XmForm Examples
101
Buttons Overview
107
Inheritance
108
Press Here
112
XmArrowButton
114
XmArrowButton Example
115
XmToggleButton
117
XmToggleButton Examples
122
Events and Callbacks Overview
125
Handling X Events
127
Mouse Tracker
135
Callbacks
142
Button Callbacks
145
Press Here
146
Actions
148
Translations
151
Multibutton Pushbutton
159
XmPushButton Default Translations
162
Keyboard Input Overview
165
Keyboard Events
166
Traversal
167
Three Tab Groups
169
XmText
172
XmText Resources
173
XmText Callbacks
179
XmText Default Translations
182
XmText Convenience Functions
185
Memo Pad
190
Entry Fields
192
Scrolled Text
197
Creating a Scrolled Text Widget
198
Scrolled Text Resources
199
File Browser
200
Scrollbars Overview
205
XmScrolledWindow
207
XmScrolledWindow Resources
208
Creating and Initializing a Scrolled Window
211
Scrolling RowColumn
212
XmScrollBar
215
XmScrollBar Resources
216
XmScrollBar Callbacks
219
Getting and Setting a Scrollbars Values Programmatically
221
XmScale
224
XmScale Resources
225
XmScale Callbacks
228
XmScale Example
229
The Motif Look Overview
233
XmMainWindow
235
XmMainWindow Convenience Functions
237
XmSeparator
238
XmSeparator Resources
239
XmSeparator Example
241
XmFrame
243
XmFrame Resources
244
Labels in Frames
246
The New Standard Program Template
248
A Sample Application
254
Menus Overview
261
XmCascadeButton Resources
262
XmCascadeButton Callbacks
263
XmRowColumn Menu Resources
264
XmRowColumn Callbacks
266
The Menu Bar
267
The Standard Motif Menu Bar
269
Adding a Menu Bar to the Editor
272
XmMenuShell and a Menu Panes Instance Tree
276
Adding PullDown Menus to the Editor
278
Mnemonics
282
Menu Accelerators
285
Cascading PullDowns
287
Cascading PullDown Example
288
PopUp Menus
289
Color Selection Menu
290
Option Menus
294
XmRowColumn Resources Specific to Option Menus
295
Font Family and Size
297
Menu Summary
300
Dialogs Overview
305
Dialog Design and Components
306
XmDialogShell
307
XmDialogShell Resources
308
Dialog Management and Unmanagement
310
Building and Using a Dialog
313
XmList Resources
339
XmList Callbacks
342
XmList Convenience Functions
344
EMail Address Selection
347
Scrolled List
351
Scrolled List Resources
352
Scrolling EMail Addresses
353
XmSelectionBox
354
XmSelectionBox Resources
355
XmSelectionBox Callbacks
359
Creating and Using a Selection Box
360
EMail Addresses
361
XmFileSelectionBox
363
XmFileSelectionBox Resources
365
Creating And Using XmFileSelectionBox
366
OpenSave As
368
XmCommand
379
XmCommand Resources
380
XmCommand Convenience Functions
382
XmCommand Example
384
Using Xlib With Motif Overview
387
Color in a Digital World
389
The Standard Xlib Parameters
391
The Graphics Context
393
XmDrawingArea
401
XmDrawingArea Resources
402
XmDrawingArea Callbacks
403
Doodle
406
Resources Revisited Overview
427
CommandLine Options
432
Resource Converters
436
Writing a Converter
444
Quarks
452
Using Converters Outside the Resource Manager
455
The Conversion Cache
459
Application Resources
460
Interclient Communication Overview
467
Timeouts
474
WorkProcs
478
Sending Events Between Clients
482
Atoms
485
Window Properties
487
Window Manager Protocols
493
Selection
502
The Clipboard
513
Adding Cut Copy and Paste to the Text Editor
521
XmText Direct Clipboard Interface
530
ISO Latin 1 Character Set
533
Widget Class Summary Overview
535
Composite
536
Core
537
OuerrideShell
538
TopLevelShell
539
WMShell
540
XmArrowButton
541
XmBulletinBoard
542
XmCascadeButton
543
XmDialogShell
544
XmDrawnButton
545
XmForm
546
XmFrame
547
XmList
548
XmMain Window
549
XmMenuShell
550
XmPanedWindow
551
XmPrimitiue
552
XmPushButton
553
XmRowColumn
554
XmScale
555
XmScrollBar
556
XmScrolledWindow
557
XmSelectionBox
558
XmSeparator
559
XmText
560
XmToggleButton
561
X Event Reference Overview
563
Event Masks
565
XEvent
567
XAnyEvent
570
ButtonPress ButtonRelease
571
CirculateNotify
573
CirculateRequest
574
ClientMessage
575
ColormapNotify
577
ConfigureNotify
578
ConfigureRequest
580
CreateNotify
583
DestroyNotify
584
EnterNotify LeaveNotify
585
Expose
588
Focusln FocusOut
589
GraphicsExpose NoExpose
592
GravityNotify
594
KeymapNotify
595
KeyPress KeyRelease
596
MapNotify UnmapNotify
598
MappingNotify
600
MapRequest
601
MotionNotify
602
PropertyNotify
605
ReparentNotify
606
ResizeRequest
607
SelectionClear
608
SelectionNotify
609
SelectionRequest
611
VisibilityNotify
613
Changes In X And Motif Overview
615
From XI1 Release 3 to Release 4
618
From XI1 Release 4 to Release 5
622
Where To Go For More Information Overview
625
Mailing ListsNetNews
627
The FAQs
628
Getting this Books Sample Programs
629
Glossary
631
Index
655
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