The Politics of the Nazi Past in Germany and Austria
This book argues that Germans and Austrians have dealt with the Nazi past very differently and these differences have had important consequences for political culture and partisan politics in the two countries. Drawing on different literatures in political science, Art builds a framework for understanding how public deliberation transforms the political environment in which it occurs. The book analyzes how public debates about the 'lessons of history' created a culture of contrition in Germany that prevented a resurgent far right from consolidating itself in German politics after unification. By contrast, public debates in Austria nourished a culture of victimization that provided a hospitable environment for the rise of right-wing populism. The argument is supported by evidence from nearly two hundred semi-structured interviews and an analysis of the German and Austrian print media over a twenty-year period.
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Public Debates and Political Change
The Culture of Contrition
The Victim Culture
Combating the Far Right in Germany
Taming the Far Right in Austria?
Conclusions and Extensions
Coding Scheme for Die Zeit Content Analysis
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actors Adenauer Anschluss anti-Semitic argued argument Austrian politics Berlin Bild Bitburg Bundestag campaign CDU/CSU central Chancellor Christian Democrats civil society claimed coalition conservative contrition frame culture of contrition democracy demonstrate Die Presse Die Republikaner Die Zeit elections electoral European far-right former Nazis FPO's Frankfurter Allgemeine Zeitung German political German politicians Germany and Austria Germany's Goldhagen Historians Hitler Holocaust Ibid ideas ideational change immigration intellectuals Interview Jewish Jews Jorg Haider Kitschelt Kohl Kreisky Krone Kronen Zeitung liberal memory monument movement National Socialism nationalist Nazi past Nazism norms organization parliamentary percent political discourse political elites political parties postwar protest public debates public opinion reaction REPs right-wing extremism right-wing populism right-wing populist parties role scholars Second World Social Democrats speech strategy tion University Press victim narrative Vienna vote voters Waffen-SS Waldheim affair Waldheim debate Wehrmacht Weizsacker Western Europe Zeit