Morality and Agreement: A Defense of Moral Contractarianism
This book argues for moral contractarianism, the view that moral justification rests on the idea of agreement. It critically appraises the views of contemporary contractarians such as John Rawls, David Gauthier, and Thomas Scanlon. It argues for a theory of moral justification that is based on a hypothetical agreement of restricted scope between strangers in the circumstances of justice and that is bound by historical place and circumstance.
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Agreement and Constraint
Morality and Agreement
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abstraction account of moral action agents agree argue argument bargaining capacity chapter choose circumstances of justice claim co-operative conception concern concession constrained maximization constructivism contract theory contractarian theory contractors cooperation criticism defined egoist ethics Firstly genuine moral However idea of agreement impartial individual interactions interests ment moral contractarianism moral deliberation moral domain moral facts moral judgments moral justification moral motivation moral philosophy moral reasons moral standing moral theory morally relevant natural non-human animals non-moral normative notion Nussbaum objectivity offers one's original position outcome particular persons principles problem question of moral rational choice rational constraint Rawls and Gauthier Rawls's Rawlsian region three restricted contractarianism Scanlon scope Secondly self sense situation social society straightforward maximizers strangers thus tion tradition unity view utilitarianism utility values veil of ignorance