Biology and Pharmacology of Chemical Elements: Carbon, Hydrogen, Sodium, Oxygen, Iron, Silicon, Sulfur, Nitrogen, Phosphorus, Boron, Potassium

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General Books LLC, 2010 - 290 pages
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Please note that the content of this book primarily consists of articles available from Wikipedia or other free sources online. Pages: 202. Chapters: Carbon, Hydrogen, Sodium, Oxygen, Iron, Silicon, Sulfur, Nitrogen, Phosphorus, Boron, Potassium, Arsenic, Iodine, Tungsten, Nickel, Zinc, Chromium, Molybdenum, Selenium, Manganese, Vanadium, Cadmium, Copper, Nutrient, Magnesium deficiency, Calcium deficiency, Magnesium transporter, Fluorine, Copper in health, Magnesium in biology, Cobalt, Lithium, GFAJ-1, Human iron metabolism, Arsenic biochemistry, Phosphorus oxoacids, Iodine in biology, Biogenic silica, Plant nutrition, Sulfur assimilation, Selenium yeast, Calcium in biology, Chemical makeup of the human body, Potassium in biology, CHON, Carbon-based life, Oligodynamic effect, Phosphodiester bond, Bowen's Kale, Biometal. Excerpt: Zinc (pronounced; from German: ), or spelter (which may also refer to zinc alloys), is a metallic chemical element; it has the symbol Zn and atomic number 30. It is the first element in group 12 of the periodic table. Zinc is, in some respects, chemically similar to magnesium, because its ion is of similar size and its only common oxidation state is +2. Zinc is the 24th most abundant element in the Earth's crust and has five stable isotopes. The most exploited zinc ore is sphalerite, a zinc sulfide. The largest exploitable deposits are found in Australia, Asia, and the United States. Zinc production includes froth flotation of the ore, roasting, and final extraction using electricity (electrowinning). Brass, which is an alloy of copper and zinc, has been used since at least the 10th century BC. Impure zinc metal was not produced in large scale until the 13th century in India, while the metal was unknown to Europe until the end of the 16th century. Alchemists burned zinc in air to form what they called "philosopher's wool" or "white snow." The element was probably named by the alchemist Paracelsus after the German word Zinke. German chem...

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